The world’s biggest pension fund reports record loss in first quarter

Japan’s Government Pension Investment Fund lost 11%, or 17.7tn yen, in the three months ended March

A pedestrian walks past a stock markets indicator board in Tokyo, Japan.  The country's Government Pension Investment Fund posted a record loss in the first three months of 2020. EPA
A pedestrian walks past a stock markets indicator board in Tokyo, Japan.  The country's Government Pension Investment Fund posted a record loss in the first three months of 2020. EPA

The world’s biggest pension fund posted a record loss in the first three months of 2020 after the coronavirus pandemic sparked a global market rout in the period.

Japan’s Government Pension Investment Fund lost 11 per cent, or 17.7 trillion yen ($164.7 billion/Dh605bn), in the three months ended March 31, it said in Tokyo on Friday. The decline in value was the steepest based on comparable data back to April 2008, reducing the fund’s total assets to 150.63tn yen. Foreign stocks were the worst performing investment, followed by domestic equities.

The results come just months after the fund revamped top management and revised its asset allocation to focus more on overseas debt. The loss, which wiped out gains for the fiscal year, may attract political attention as social security remains a major concern for tens of millions of Japan’s retirees.

“The decline in domestic and foreign equities led to a negative return for the fiscal year,” said Masataka Miyazono, the president of GPIF. “Both equity markets performed strongly during 2019 even under pressures from the US-China trade negotiations. The global coronavirus pandemic led to investors taking a risk-off stance.”

Overseas bonds were the only major asset to generate a positive quarterly return. The securities gained 0.5 per cent, compared with losses of 0.5 per cent for domestic bonds, 18 per cent for local equities and 22 per cent for foreign stocks. In April, GPIF raised its asset allocation to foreign bonds by 10 percentage points to 25 per cent, while keeping the target for foreign and domestic stocks unchanged at 25 per cent.

Naoki Fujiwara, the chief fund manager at Shinkin Asset Management, said the losses were expected. Equities have rebounded since March, so the pension fund should be recouping losses for the April-June period, Mr Fujiwara said. “The current portfolio is exposed to equity volatility,” he said. “We’re in a low-yield environment right now, and will likely be for the next two years, so maybe it’s alright for now, but in the long run, the pension fund should correct the allocation of equities.”

Under the new guidance of GPIF president Mr Miyazono and chief investment officer Eiji Ueda, the fund must navigate a volatile market torn between an ongoing coronavirus pandemic and promises of economic stimulus measures. Fears of a second wave of outbreak are already hampering the global equity markets recovery.

The GPIF isn’t rushing to buy foreign bonds, which are 3 per cent below its allocation target, Mr Miyazono told reporters in Tokyo. The fund has a long-term investment timeframe much longer than 10-20 years, he said, adding that there will be no impact on pension payouts from a single year’s results.

Investments in ESG indices reached a record high of 5.7tn yen. The GPIF, a leader in socially responsible investing, has invested in indexes such as the FTSE Blossom Japan, MSCI Japan ESG Select Leaders and MSCI Japan Empowering Women.

During the January-March quarter, the MSCI All-Country World Index of global stocks slumped 22 per cent and the S&P 500 Index fell 20 per cent, while Topix also dropped 18 per cent. Yields on 10-year US Treasuries slumped 125 basis points during the same period, while benchmark Japanese government bond yields rose about 3 basis points. The Japanese yen gained 1 per cent against the dollar, and rose almost 3 per cent against the euro.

“The coronavirus shock clearly hit its portfolio with more than half of it exposed to domestic stocks and foreign assets,” said Tsuyoshi Ueno, a senior economist at NLI Research Institute in Tokyo. “Looking at the way the markets have recovered, its performance will improve in the April-June period.”

From April, the GPIF has adjusted its portfolio, setting a general target to keep 25 per cent each in all four asset classes, with the allocation of each assets allowed to deviate by different ranges. The fund allows domestic equities to deviate from the 25 per cent allocation by 8 percentage points, compared with 7 for stocks abroad. Domestic debt can deviate by 7 percentage points, versus 6 for foreign bonds. Mr Miyazono said on Friday that case studies showed the new portfolio was less risky than the old one.

Updated: July 4, 2020 06:15 PM


Editor's Picks
Sign up to:

* Please select one

Most Read