The US is shifting combat and intelligence-gathering aircraft to Afghanistan as part of an intensified focus on the Taliban, now that the campaign against ISIL in Iraq and Syria is winding down, the commander of coalition air forces in Afghanistan said.
Air Force Maj. Gen. James Hecker told reporters at the Pentagon in a video teleconference from Kabul that on February 1 the US Central Command officially designated Afghanistan as its "main effort," supplanting the counter-ISIL campaign in Iraq and Syria. Central Command is responsible for all US military operations in the broader Middle East as well as Central Asia.
Maj. Gen. Hecker emphasised the importance of increased support from US intelligence agencies, whose analysis and expertise help the military identify targets to strike.
"This behind-the-scenes legwork allows us to hit the Taliban where it hurts most, whether it's command-and-control ... or their pocketbooks," Maj. Gen. Hecker said.
He explained that the US now has 50 per cent more MQ-9 Reaper drones providing intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance in Afghanistan, compared with last year.
He said the US also has added A-10 attack planes and will be adding combat search-and-rescue aircraft.
Even as the US adds air power, the size and capabilities of the Afghan air force are growing, Maj. Ge. Hecker said. The Afghans are now conducting more strike missions than the Americans, he added.
"We are putting unrelenting pressure on the enemy these days," Maj. Gen. Hecker said, with a goal of compelling the Taliban to reconcile with the government. That goal has been pursued by US commanders in Afghanistan for much of the past 16-plus years, without success.
The Major acknowledged that air power alone is unlikely to do the trick.
"You're not just going to bomb them into submission," he said. "But it is another pressure point that we can put on them," in addition to ground combat operations led by the Afghan army and special operations forces.