epa07160574 Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber(R) Minister of State in the United Arab Emirates, the Director-General and CEO of the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC Group), the Chairman of Masdar, the Chairman of UAE National Media Council shakes hands with the Chairman of Abu Dhabi Ports and Amin H. Nasser(L) President and CEO of Saudi Arabian Oil Company Saudi Aramco after signing a strategic framework agreement to explore natural gas and LNG investment opportunities between UAE's ADNOC and Saudi ARAMCO as part of Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference (ADIPEC) in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, 12 November 2018. ADIPEC, a meeting place of the international oil and gas community, runs between 12 and 15 November 2018.  EPA/ALI HAIDER
Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, right, UAE Minister of State and director-general and CEO of Adnoc, shakes hands with Amin Nasser, president and CEO of Saudi Aramco. Ali Haider / EPA

Together, UAE and its neighbours can harness skills and resources to greater effect

The Adipec oil and gas conference in the capital this week is proving to be the nexus between diplomacy, energy and social development. There are the basic numbers: 2,200 exhibitors, 29 country pavilions, more than 100 government ministers and chief executives in attendance and about 110,000 visitors. But beyond those figures lies a symbiotic relationship between Abu Dhabi and the energy industry, which has been the foundation of the UAE's economy for decades. The backdrop to the event has been Abu Dhabi National Oil Company's plans to increase oil and gas production over the next decade. While the UAE is taking serious steps to further develop and diversify its economy, the message being delivered at Adipec is that oil and gas will continue to drive the country's socio-economic ambitions. It also underpins the UAE's relations with allies in the region and around the world.

Hence on Monday, Adnoc and Saudi Aramco agreed to jointly explore opportunities in the gas sector. Riyadh and Abu Dhabi are already collaborating on refining in India, a consolidation of their shared strategic interests on both the domestic and foreign policy front, whether that is in dealing with Iran, Yemen or the US. A high-level Saudi-Emirati co-ordination committee is working to enhance co-operation in a number of areas, including defence, political institutions and the economy. However, it is energy that brings the UAE and Saudi Arabia closest together in alignment, with both facing an urgent need to meet the growing power demands of their burgeoning populations. It might be surprising to some to that the two producers are working together to unlock their gas riches when both are competing for a share of the market for their oil exports, particularly in the lucrative reaches of Asia. That brings us to another deal struck at Adipec, which illustrates the importance of securing the market in that continent. Adnoc will explore the possibility of storing its crude oil in the Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves's underground oil storage facilities in Padur in the south-western state of Karnataka, while catering to India's energy demands, which are the fastest-growing in the world and will continue to be until at least 2040.

The bigger picture is the UAE and its neighbours recognising that together, they can harness their expertise and riches to greater effect than if they were going it alone. The rude health of oil and gas – across the value chain, from exploration to the production of petrochemicals – means that a critical source of income for the UAE will not only be secure but will continue to grow, providing the means for the broader development of society and infrastructure. The UAE Centennial 2071 vision, which aims to make the country among the best in the world, a century after it was first founded, requires considerable progress in education, innovation, healthcare and job creation. Those ambitions will need to be well-funded in the decades to come. Adipec has offered a window onto how much might be possible.

Jewel of the Expo 2020

252 projectors installed on Al Wasl dome

13.6km of steel used in the structure that makes it equal in length to 16 Burj Khalifas

550 tonnes of moulded steel were raised last year to cap the dome

724,000 cubic metres is the space it encloses

Stands taller than the leaning tower of Pisa

Steel trellis dome is one of the largest single structures on site

The size of 16 tennis courts and weighs as much as 500 elephants

Al Wasl means connection in Arabic

World’s largest 360-degree projection surface