UK displayed 'deep failures of leadership' during Afghanistan evacuation

Committee says there was a 'total absence of a plan' despite knowing for months that evacuation would be necessary

A member of the British military greets a child during evacuation efforts in August 2021 at the Kabul airport in Afghanistan. UK MoD Crown Handout via Reuters
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The head of the Foreign Office admitted the country has “lessons to learn” following the UK's chaotic evacuation of Afghanistan alongside other international forces last year.

The permanent under secretary, Sir Philip Barton, again expressed his regret that he did not return from leave as Kabul fell to the Taliban after a scathing report by MPs.

Afghan allies and British troops had been let down by “deep failures of leadership” as Sir Philip and former foreign secretary Dominic Raab both remained on holiday as the Taliban took control of the country, said the Commons Foreign Affairs Committee.

“If I had my time again, I would have come back from my leave earlier. That is what I should have done,” Sir Philip said while speaking before the House of Lords International Relations Committee.

He said that the crisis surrounding the fall of the Afghan capital to the Taliban last August was “one of the most complex and challenging” the department had ever faced.

“We did manage to evacuate 15,000 people against an original planning assumption of six. That is more than any other country apart from the US. All of us wish we could have evacuated more people,” he said.

Sir Philip said that once the immediate crisis phase was over, he had put in place a “proper exercise” to establish what lessons could be learnt, which led to a series of changes within the department.

“We did embed those in the way in which we approached the invasion of Ukraine in February,” he said.

In its report published last month, the Foreign Affairs Committee said there had a “total absence of a plan” for Afghans who supported the British mission, despite knowing for 18 months that an evacuation may be necessary if the US were to withdraw its troops.

Sir Philip acknowledged the speed of the collapse of the western-backed Afghan government had come as a surprise, but insisted planning had been under way for a possible military airlift since the start of the year.

“No one, including the Taliban themselves, foresaw the speed at which that happened,” he said.

“Our main effort in the first half of last year was trying to avoid a Taliban takeover. In parallel, we did work up our contingency plans including … planning with the [Ministry of Defence] for a military evacuation.”

Earlier, shadow foreign secretary David Lammy flew to Afghanistan to highlight the worsening humanitarian “catastrophe”, as millions of people face starvation.

Mr Lammy and shadow international development minister Preet Gill, who is travelling with him, are thought to be the first UK politicians to visit the country since the return of the Taliban.

Labour said the trip was made possible by the UN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs and that there would not be any meetings with Taliban officials or representatives.

Mr Lammy said the scramble to leave last year had damaged the UK’s reputation and he called on the government to set out a “comprehensive strategy” to alleviate the ensuing humanitarian crisis.

“The government downgraded the UK’s international reputation and made the whole world less safe with its calamitous handling of the withdrawal from Afghanistan last summer,” he said.

“Today, millions of Afghanistan’s civilians are suffering from starvation, with some even forced to sell body parts to feed their families.

“The UK government’s woeful lack of leadership that was so visible last year is continuing as it ignores the humanitarian catastrophe.”

Updated: June 09, 2022, 9:46 AM