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Armed members of the Taliban kept people desperate to flee Afghanistan from reaching Kabul's airport on Wednesday, witnesses said, while President Joe Biden vowed to keep US troops in the country until all Americans are moved to safety.
Since the Taliban entered Kabul at the weekend, scenes of chaos have unfolded as thousands try to leave, fearing a return to the austere interpretation of Islamic law imposed during the previous Taliban rule, which ended 20 years ago.
“Everyone wants out,” said a member of an Afghan family on arrival in Germany. “Every day is worse than the day before. We saved ourselves but we couldn't rescue our families.”
Witnesses said Taliban members prevented people from getting into the airport compound, including those with the documents required to travel.
“It's a complete disaster. The Taliban were firing into the air, pushing people, beating them with AK47s,” said one person who was trying to get through.
A Taliban official said commanders and soldiers had fired into the air to disperse crowds outside Kabul airport, but told Reuters: “We have no intention to injure anyone.”
As the airlift of western citizens and Afghans who worked for foreign governments sought to accelerate, Mr Biden said US forces would remain until all Americans were safe, even if that meant staying past the August 31 deadline for complete US withdrawal.
The president, who has faced criticism about the US departure, said chaos was inevitable. Asked in an interview with ABC News if the exit of US troops could have been handled better, Mr Biden said: “No … the idea that somehow, there's a way to have got out without chaos ensuing, I don't know how that happens.”
US officials have told the Taliban “that we expect them to allow all American citizens, all third-country nationals, and all Afghans who wish to leave, to do so safely and without harassment,” US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman said in Washington.
But the 4,500 US troops in Kabul cannot help bring people to the airport to be flown out because they are focused on securing the airfield, US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin said in Washington, acknowledging that evacuation numbers had not reached targets.
Gen Mark Milley, chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, said security at Kabul airport was stable and the Taliban were not interfering with US military operations.
Foreign ministers of the Group of Seven nations are due to discuss the evacuation effort and will seek to co-ordinate flights at an online meeting on Thursday, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said.
About 5,000 diplomats, security staff, aid workers and Afghans have been flown from Kabul in the past 24 hours and military flights will continue around the clock, a western official told Reuters.
ANTI-TALIBAN PROTESTS IN JALALABAD
About 150km east of Kabul, in Jalalabad, at least three people were killed in anti-Taliban protests on Wednesday, witnesses said. The protests provided an early test of the Taliban's promise of peaceful rule.
After seizing power, the Taliban said they would not take revenge against old enemies and would respect the rights of women within the framework of Islamic law.
Two witnesses and a former police official told Reuters that Taliban fighters opened fire – killing three and injuring more than a dozen – when residents tried to raise Afghanistan's national flag at a square in the city.
Taliban representatives could not be reached for comment.
A new government to replace that of President Ashraf Ghani, who is in exile in the United Arab Emirates, may take the form of a ruling council, with Taliban supreme leader Haibatullah Akhundzada in overall charge, a senior member of the group said.
Afghanistan would not be a democracy. “It is Sharia and that is it,” Waheedullah Hashimi told Reuters.
A “lack of clarity” over the Afghan government prompted the International Monetary Fund to suspend the country's access to resources including $440 million in monetary reserves. The US Treasury pushed for the move to ensure that an allocation to Afghanistan scheduled for Monday did ot fall into Taliban hands.
Mr Ghani, who has been criticised by former ministers for leaving Afghanistan as Taliban forces swept into Kabul on Sunday, said he had followed the advice of government officials. He denied reports he took large sums of money with him.
“If I had stayed, I would be witnessing bloodshed in Kabul,” Mr Ghani said.
The Taliban have suggested they will impose their laws less severely than during their former rule, and a senior official said on Wednesday that the group's leaders would be less reclusive than in the past.
'TIME WILL TELL'
Mr Hashimi said the role of women, including their rights to work and education and dress code, would ultimately be decided by a council of Islamic scholars.
“They will decide whether they should wear hijab, burqa, or only a veil plus abaya or something, or not. That is up to them,” he told Reuters.
Under Taliban rule between 1996 and 2001, women were prevented from working, girls were not allowed to go to school and women had to wear all-enveloping burkas to go out.
Many Afghans are sceptical of the Taliban promises.
“My family lived under the Taliban and maybe they really want to change or have changed, but only time will tell and it's going to become clear very soon,” said Ferishta Karimi, who runs a tailoring shop for women.