Thousands rescued after flash floods hit Hindu pilgrimage in Kashmir

Search for survivors continues as death toll rises to 16

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Emergency workers rescued thousands of Hindu pilgrims after flash floods swept through their camps during an annual journey to an icy Himalayan cave in Indian-controlled Kashmir, officials said on Saturday. At least 16 people have died and dozens were injured.

Authorities suspended the pilgrimage for two days as rains continued. Teams of rescuers from India’s military, paramilitary and police as well as disaster management officials combed through the slippery mountain tracks and used thermal imaging devices, sniffer dogs and through-the-wall radar to look for dozens of missing.

They dug through mud, sand and rocks that swamped the campsites on Friday evening after hurtling down with a tide of water near the cave shrine revered by Hindus. Civilian and military helicopters ferried the injured to hospitals.

Thousands of people were in the mountains when the rains struck.

Officials said about 15,000 devotees were moved to safer locations and at least five dozen injured were given first aid at base camp hospitals set up for the pilgrimage, which is undertaken by hundreds of thousands of Hindus from across India.

Groups of pilgrims are staggered over several weeks for security and logistical reasons.

Ravi Dutt, a 69-year-old Hindu ascetic from eastern West Bengal state, was camping near the cave on Friday evening. He said water gushed down suddenly from a mountain, “sweeping away men, women and our belongings, too”.

“Everything was buried under a mountain [of mud and rocks],” Mr Dutt said. “I have never seen such an incident in my life.”

Abdul Ghani, a Kashmiri porter who rents his pony to pilgrims, said the situation was chaotic. “I just bundled a devotee on my pony and never looked back,” he said.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi expressed anguish over the deaths. Manoj Sinha, New Delhi’s senior administrator in the region, said the priority was to save lives.

“Instructions have been issued to provide all necessary assistance to pilgrims.”

The Amarnath pilgrimage began on June 30 and tens of thousands of devotees have already visited the cave shrine where Hindus worship a naturally formed ice stalagmite as a “lingam”, a representation of Shiva, the god of destruction and regeneration.

This year, officials expect nearly 1 million visitors after a two-year gap caused by the coronavirus pandemic.

Worshippers trek to the cave along two routes through lush green meadows and rocky and forested mountain passes with a view of glacial lakes and snowy peaks. A traditional route by the southern hill resort of Pahalgam takes three days while a trip through north-eastern Baltal lasts one day. Some pilgrims use helicopter services to make quick visits.

The cave, at about 4,000 metres above sea level, is covered with snow most of the year except for the short summer period when it is open to pilgrims.

Hundreds of pilgrims have died in the past from exhaustion and exposure to harsh weather during the journey through the icy mountains. In 1996, thousands were caught in a freak snowstorm, leading to more than 250 deaths.

The pilgrimage concludes on August 11, a full-moon night that Hindus say commemorates Shiva revealing the secret of the creation of the universe.

Apart from weather-related hazards, officials have said that pilgrims face an increased threat of attacks from Kashmiri insurgents who have fought for decades against Indian rule. This year, for the first time, devotees are tagged with a wireless tracking system. Tens of thousands of police and soldiers also guard the routes.

The pilgrimage has been targeted in the past by suspected rebels, who accuse Hindu-majority India of using it as a political statement to bolster its claim on the Muslim-majority region.

At least 50 pilgrims have been killed in three dozen attacks blamed on militants since an armed rebellion began in Indian-controlled Kashmir in 1989 for the region’s independence or a merger with Pakistan, which controls a part of the territory.

Updated: July 09, 2022, 2:33 PM