Drivers who do not give way to pedestrians at zebra crossings face Dh500 ($136) in fines and six black points, Abu Dhabi Police said on Monday.
The force confirmed that advanced radars powered by artificial intelligence have been activated at many crossings in the capital.
It comes after a pilot scheme in which motorists who flouted the rules were sent warning messages.
Authorities are now considering stationing more of the radars across the emirate, especially near schools and other pedestrian-heavy areas.
Drivers were warned that they must wait for pedestrians to cross the road entirely.
If they drive off while people are still walking they will also be fined.
Authorities urged people to follow the rules and protect the safety of all people who use the roads.