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Abu Dhabi, UAEFriday 5 March 2021

Khamenei says Iran may enrich uranium to 60 per cent purity if needed

Iran's 2015 nuclear deal with six powers caps the level to which Tehran can refine uranium at 3.67 per cent

In this file photo released Jan. 16, 2021, by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, a missile is launched in a drill in Iran. The Biden administration’s early efforts to resurrect the 2015 Iran nuclear deal are getting a chilly early response from Tehran. Though few expected a breakthrough in the first month of the new administration, Iran’s tough line suggests a difficult road ahead. Courtesy: Iranian Revolutionary Guard/Sepahnews via AP
In this file photo released Jan. 16, 2021, by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, a missile is launched in a drill in Iran. The Biden administration’s early efforts to resurrect the 2015 Iran nuclear deal are getting a chilly early response from Tehran. Though few expected a breakthrough in the first month of the new administration, Iran’s tough line suggests a difficult road ahead. Courtesy: Iranian Revolutionary Guard/Sepahnews via AP

Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said Iran might enrich uranium up to 60 per cent purity if needed as the country ended the application of the 'Additional Protocol' that allowed the International Atomic Energy Agency to carry out short-notice inspections.

"The necessary instructions have been issued to the nuclear facilities," Iran's envoy to the agency, Kazem Gharibabadi, said.

Iran's 2015 nuclear deal with six powers, which it has been breaching since the US withdrew in 2018, caps the fissile purity to which Tehran can refine uranium at 3.67 per cent.

That is well under the 20 per cent achieved before the agreement and far below the 90 per cent suitable for a nuclear weapon.

"Iran's uranium enrichment level will not be limited to 20 per cent. We will increase it to whatever level the country needs ... We may increase it to 60 per cent," Mr Khamenei said, upping the ante in a stand-off with US President Joe Biden's administration over the future of the fraying deal.

"Americans and the European parties to the deal have used unjust language against Iran ... Iran will not yield to pressure. Our stance will not change," Khamenei said.

US State Department spokesman Ned Price said Khamenei's comments "sound like a threat" and declined to respond to what he described as "hypotheticals" and "posturing".

Mr Price reiterated US willingness to engage in talks with Iran about returning to the 2015 nuclear deal.

The Biden administration said last week it was ready to talk to Iran about both nations returning to the accord abandoned by former US President Donald Trump.

Tehran said last week it was studying an EU proposal for an informal meeting between current members of the deal and the United States, but has yet to respond to it.

Iran, which has resumed enriching to 20 per cent in an apparent bid to heap pressure on the US , has been at loggerheads with Washington over which side should take the initial step to revive the accord.

Although under domestic pressure to ease economic hardships worsened by sanctions, Iranian leaders insist Washington must end its punitive campaign first to restore the deal, while Washington says Tehran must first return to full compliance.

Diplomacy path

Secretary of State Antony Blinken said on Monday Washington intended to bolster and extend the 2015 pact, which aimed to limit Iran's enrichment potential – a possible pathway to atom bombs – in exchange for a lifting of most sanctions.

Blinken, addressing the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, said in a pre-recorded speech: "The United States remains committed to ensuring that Iran never acquires a nuclear weapon. Diplomacy is the best path to achieve that goal."

Khamenei, in his televised remarks, repeated a denial of any Iranian intent to weaponise uranium enrichment.

He added: "That international Zionist clown [Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu] has said they won't allow Iran to produce nuclear weapons. First of all, if we had any such intention, even those more powerful than him wouldn't be able to stop us."

To pressure the Biden administration to drop sanctions, Iran's hardline-dominated parliament passed a law last year obliging the government to end roving snap inspections by the UN nuclear watchdog from Tuesday if sanctions are not lifted.

To create room for diplomacy, the UN watchdog on Sunday reached a deal with Iran to cushion the blow of Iran's reduced co-operation and refusal to permit short-notice inspections.

Iranian lawmakers protested on Monday at Tehran's decision to permit "necessary" monitoring by UN inspectors for up to three months, saying this broke the new law.

Updated: February 23, 2021 03:41 PM

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