Chevron is reviving share buybacks that were suspended more than a year ago, signaling confidence that strong cash flows from high commodity prices will be sustained well into the future.
The repurchases will begin during the current quarter and range between $2 billion and $3bn a year, around half the amount it devoted to the programme before it was suspended in early 2020. Chevron’s move followed similar steps by Royal Dutch Shell and TotalEnergies, which reinstated buybacks on Thursday.
“It says we’re confident in the future,” chief financial officer Pierre Breber said in an interview. The level was chosen because “it really is a range that allows us to also continue to pay down debt.”
Stock repurchases are being revived or raised across the board as sectors as diverse as steelmakers, retailers, and manufacturers ride the crest of economic expansion. In particular, Big Oil executives are seeking to reward shareholders as commodity prices rise, a turnabout from previous booms when excess cash was poured into costly growth projects.
Faced with enormous climate challenges, the industry is attempting to entice investors by offering strong returns at a time when the dividend yield of the S&P 500 Index is at the lowest in almost two decades.
The stock advanced 1.5 per cent to $104.15 7:03 am in New York, despite a drop of as much as 0.9 per cent in international crude prices.
Chevron earned $1.71 a share, on an adjusted basis, during the second quarter, the company said in a statement, trouncing the $1.60 average estimate among analysts in Bloomberg survey. Capital spending in the first half dropped by a third compared with a year earlier while crude prices rallied more than 50 per cent, flooding the explorer with more than enough cash to resurrect buybacks.
The repurchasing program comes on top of Chevron raising its dividend earlier this year, becoming the only western oil supermajor to lift the payout above pre-pandemic levels.
Even with recent increases, Shell’s and BP's dividends still lag pre-Covid-19 payouts. Exxon Mobil held its dividend steady earlier this week and is expected to devote excess cash to debt reduction rather than buying back shares. Key to Chevron’s strength is that it entered the pandemic in a stronger financial position than rivals, with a low debt burden.
The buyback also signals a bullish outlook. Mr Breber said the repurchases will be sustained even during periods of lower oil prices. “I was clear on last quarter’s earnings call that we would start a buyback when we were confident we could sustain it over the cycle,” he said. “We’d want to sustain it for multiple years.”
Key macroeconomic indicators watched by Chevron -- such as the global economic recovery, crude stockpiles, and coordination by Opec and its allies -- all have improved in recent weeks. Still, with Brent crude futures above $70 a barrel and Opec sitting on ample spare-production capacity, there’s reason to be cautious about higher oil prices, he said.
Chevron’s adjusted second-quarter profit was $3.3bn, compared with a $2.9bn loss a year earlier. The main profit drivers were higher oil and natural gas prices, while the company also benefited from a chemical boom and a rebound in US refining. International refining still showed signs of weakness due to the pandemic.
Mr Breber and upstream boss Jay Johnson are scheduled to address analysts during a conference call beginning at 11 am Eastern time.