Graffiti murals bring Benin's walls to life with treasures from past

Street art highlights recent achievements in the West African country

Beta V.1.0 - Powered by automated translation

On a blue and yellow background, a graffiti artist retouches a spray-painted image of the half-man, half-shark statue of king Behanzin, one of the stolen treasures returned to Benin by France late last year.

The image is only one by 26 local and international graffiti artists who have created a mural depicting Benin's history and culture, stretching more than one kilometre, along a wall in Benin's main city of Cotonou.

Their objective is to eventually create the largest mural fresco in the world as part of a festival under the theme of "New Benin".

"To create the Benin of the future, we must keep the Benin of the past in our sight," said Laurenson Djihouessi, known by his artist name Mr Stone, who is the festival promoter.

Beninese artist Laurenson Djihouessi, known as Mr Stone. AFP

Many of the graffiti artists have chosen to represent the restored treasures, which were stolen by French colonial forces and returned to Cotonou this year after negotiations with Paris.

The artefacts have been on display for the first time in Benin since February in a historical exhibition at the presidential palace, located a few hundred metres from the mural.

"There, the audience comes to the art, but here the art comes to the audience," said Stone, whose images pay homage to the Amazons, the elite, all-female soldiers of the kingdom of Dahomey, one of Benin's kingdoms before French colonisation.

The artist said he wanted to place the Beninese woman "at the heart of action and development", for them to be the "Amazon of modern times".

But it is not only the royal history of Benin's past that is painted on the fresco that attracts dozens of passers-by.

Supported by the Claudine Talon Foundation, run by the first lady of Benin, and the Ministry of Culture, the wall also highlights recent achievements in the West African country.

Brazilian artist Edgar Bernado Dos Santos, also known as Ed-mun, paints with a brush at the Effet Graff festival in Benin. AFP

There are cranes symbolising the reform of Cotonou's port and agricultural machinery, a reference to the modernisation of the agricultural sector.

Images of roads are meant to show part of the infrastructure projects touted by President Patrice Talon as one of his successes.

Since his first election in 2015, Talon has launched dozens of projects in what he calls a campaign to set his nation on the path to development.

While the economy may have been modernised, Benin's opposition says the country's democracy has also suffered under Talon's rule.

On her part of the wall, female artist Drusille Fagnibo also painted the building of Economic Crimes and Terrorism Court, known as Criet.

Critics say the special court, set up in 2016 in a bid to end the impunity among the political class, is used as a political weapon by the government to target opponents.

In December, the court sentenced opposition leader Reckya Madougou to 20 years in prison for terrorism, a term which her lawyers described as a political attack.

The government denies any claims the court is manipulated for political purposes.

More than 700 metres of the wall have been decorated since April 11, and the organisers want to expand it to 1,300 metres in early 2023. They hope to beat the record for the longest graffiti fresco in the world.

Updated: May 21, 2022, 11:20 AM