Sudanese Cabinet votes to back International Criminal Court

For years, Sudan's president Omar Al Bashir was a fugitive of the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal

Sudan's Cabinet on Tuesday voted to ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok said, one step closer to potentially bringing ex-president Omar Al Bashir to trial for genocide.

“Today, in our Cabinet meeting, we have unanimously passed a bill to join the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court,” Mr Hamdok said on Twitter.

Sudan has since August 2019 been led by a transitional civilian-military administration which vowed to bring justice to victims of crimes committed under Al Bashir.

The African nation has yet to appoint a legislative body and the decision still needs the approval of Sudan's sovereign council.

Mr Hamdok said they would hold a joint council meeting “to pass it into law".

Al Bashir, who ruled Sudan with an iron fist for three decades, was deposed in April 2019 after months of protests in Sudan.

He is wanted by the ICC to face trial on charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.

“Justice and accountability are a solid foundation of the new, rule of law-based Sudan we're striving to build,” added Mr Hamdok.

But the prime minister gave no further details as to what joining the ICC might mean in terms of putting Al Bashir and other Sudanese wanted by the court on trial, either in Sudan or in The Hague.

Sudan's transitional administration is in talks with the ICC about options for trying Al Bashir and his former aides.

One stumbling block was that Sudan was not a party to the ICC's founding Rome Statute.

Al Bashir is being held in the high-security Kober prison in the capital Khartoum, along with former aides also wanted by the ICC.

The former president was convicted in December 2019 for corruption and has been on trial in Khartoum since July 2020 for the Islamist-backed 1989 coup which brought him to power.

The UN says 300,000 people were killed and 2.5 million were displaced in the Darfur conflict that occurred during Al Bashir's mandate.

War broke out in 2003 when African minority rebels, complaining of systematic discrimination, took up arms against Al Bashir's Arab-dominated government.

Khartoum responded by unleashing a notorious militia known as the Janjaweed, recruited from among the region's nomadic peoples.

Human rights groups have long accused Al Bashir and his former aides of using a scorched-earth policy, raping, killing, looting and burning villages.

In late May, former ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda visited Darfur and pressed Sudanese officials to hand over Al Bashir and other wanted leaders.

Last year, alleged senior Janjaweed militia leader Ali Kushayb, also wanted by the ICC, surrendered to the court.

ICC judges said in July he will be the first suspect to be tried over the Darfur conflict on multiple counts of rape, murder, and torture.

Updated: August 3rd 2021, 8:51 PM
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