India on Friday hanged four men sentenced to death for the gruesome gang rape and murder of a woman on a New Delhi bus in 2012, concluding a case that exposed the scope of sexual violence in India and prompted horrified Indians to demand swift justice.
The four stood trial relatively quickly in India's slow-moving justice system, their convictions and sentences handed down less than a year after the crime. India's top court upheld the verdicts in 2017, finding the men's crimes had created a “tsunami of shock” among Indians.
“The four convicts were hanged together at 5.30am,” said Sandeep Goel, head of the Tihar Jail in New Delhi.
The victim, a 23-year-old physiotherapy student, was heading home with a male friend from a movie theatre when six men tricked them into getting on a private bus. With no one else in sight, they beat her friend and repeatedly raped the woman. They penetrated her with a metal rod, causing fatal internal injuries. They dumped both victims on the roadside, and the woman died two weeks later.
Asha Devi, the mother of the victim, thanked the judiciary and government after the convicts were hanged.
"Today, we got justice and this day is dedicated to the daughters of the country,” she told reporters. “I could not protect her but I was able to fight for her.”
Ms Devi said she hoped that courts in India would end delays in rape cases and punish convicts within a year's time.
The case drew international attention at the time and prompted Indian legislators to stiffen penalties for rape, part of a wave of changes as India confronted widespread mistreatment of women.
Facing public protests and political pressure after the attack, the government reformed some of India's antiquated laws on sexual violence and created fast-track courts for handling rape trials that formerly could last more than a decade.
The new laws prescribed harsher punishments for rapists and addressed new crimes, including acid throwing and stalking.
Seema Kushwaha, lawyer representing for the victim’s family, said the hangings were very significant as they finally brought justice to the victim of “such a heinous crime”.
Hundreds of police were deployed outside the jail to control a crowd that waited to celebrate the executions. Dozens of people held placards hailing the hangings. The crowd chanted slogans like “Justice for women” and cheered by clapping and blowing whistles.
Another suspect had hanged himself in prison before his trial began, although his family insists he was killed. The sixth assailant was a minor at the time of the attack and served three years in juvenile detention.
The executions were carried out as two recent attacks renew attention to the problem of sexual violence in India.
Activists say new sentencing requirements have not deterred rape, with Indian government data showing police registered almost 34,000 cases in 2018.
The real figure is believed to be far higher since stigma surrounding sexual violence keeps victims from reporting their attacks to police.