Australia pushes ahead with content law despite Facebook news blackout

Australia's Senate expected to pass controversial law within the next week

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison on Friday promised to press ahead with laws to force Facebook to pay news outlets for content, saying he had received support from world leaders after the social media platform blacked out all media.

Facebook on Thursday stripped the pages of domestic and foreign news outlets for Australians and blocked users of its platform from sharing any news content, saying it had been left with no choice ahead of the new content laws.

The move, which also erased several state government and emergency department accounts, as well as nonprofit charity sites, caused widespread outrage.

Mr Morrison, who blasted Facebook on its own platform for "unfriending" Australia, said on Friday the leaders of Britain, Canada, France and India had shown support.

"There is a lot of world interest in what Australia is doing," Mr Morrison said in Sydney.

"That is why I invite ... Facebook to constructively engage because they know that what Australia will do here is likely to be followed by many other western jurisdictions."

Canadian Heritage Minister Steven Guilbeault said late on Thursday his country would adopt the Australian approach as it crafts its own legislation in coming months.

The Australian law, which will force Facebook and Google to reach commercial deals with Australian publishers or face compulsory arbitration, has already been cleared by the federal lower house and is expected to be passed by the Senate within the next week.

Australian Treasurer Josh Frydenberg said he had spoken to Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg for a second time after the news blackout.

"We talked through their remaining issues and agreed our respective teams would work through them immediately. We'll talk again over the weekend," Mr Frydenberg said in a tweet.

Announcing the move in Australia, Facebook said the Australian law misunderstood its value to publishers. Mr Frydenberg earlier told the Australian Broadcasting Corp that "there is something much bigger here at stake than just one or two commercial deals. This is about Australia's sovereignty".

Facebook and Google campaigned together against the laws, with both threatening to withdraw key services from Australia if the laws took effect.

Google, however, announced a host of pre-emptive licencing deals in the past week, including a global agreement with News Corp.

Facebook restored some government pages later on Thursday, but several charity, nonprofit and even neighbourhood groups stayed dark.

MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA - FEBRUARY 18: In this photo illustration Doctors Without Borders Facebook site is seen on February 18, 2021 in Melbourne, Australia. Facebook has banned publishers and users in Australia from posting it sharing news content as the Australian government prepares to pass laws that will require social media companies to pay news publishers for sharing using content on their platforms. (Photo by Robert Cianflone/Getty Images)

Web Traffic Slumps

Facebook's move had an immediate impact on traffic to Australian news sites, according to early data from New York-based analytics firm Chartbeat.

Total traffic to the Australian news sites from various platforms fell from the day before the ban by about 13 per cent within the country and by about 30 per cent outside the country, the Chartbeat data showed.

Similarly, traffic to the Australian news sites from Facebook alone plummeted from about 21 per cent to about 2 per cent within Australia, and from about 30 per cent to about 4 per cent outside the country.

News Corp Australasia executive chairman Michael Miller, testifying at an unrelated parliamentary hearing, confirmed the impact but said the number of Australians visiting the company's websites directly had risen.

"Definitely referral traffic was nonexistent ... while at the same time direct traffic to our websites was up in double digits," he told the inquiry.

Mr Miller also suggested that the antitrust regulator, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, should scrutinise Facebook's move.

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