Victims of the September 11 terror attacks have asked the US government to seize Iranian crude oil believed to be on an American-owned oil tanker in Asia, court documents show.
The filings in New York come as US investigators continue to probe the alleged involvement of the Suez Rajan, owned by Los Angeles-based private equity firm Oaktree Capital Management, in the sanctioned trade of Iranian oil as negotiations continue over Tehran’s nuclear deal with world powers.
Fleetscape, the Oaktree subsidiary that owns the Suez Rajan, did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The federal court filings, submitted late Thursday in the US, call on American authorities to seize the crude oil, sell it on behalf of families and use the proceeds to partly settle a judgment worth more than $3 billion issued against Iran over the attacks.
The filing suggests as many as 1 million barrels of oil could be aboard the Suez Rajan, crude put there by the National Iranian Oil Company and the National Iranian Tanker Corporation, both now sanctioned entities by the US Treasury.
The group, United Against Nuclear Iran, raised allegations against the Suez Rajan in a February letter to Oaktree Capital Management, which holds assets worth more than $160 billion.
Satellite-tracking data showed the Marshall Island-flagged Suez Rajan in the South China Sea off the north-east of Singapore in February, along with the Panamanian-flagged oil tanker Virgo in the same area.
Satellite photos from Planet Labs PBC of that area obtained by The Associated Press appeared to show the ships alongside each other. At sea, oil tankers can funnel crude between each other in a ship-to-ship transfer that typically has boats lined up in a similar position.
In separate Planet Labs satellite images from January 16, the Virgo appears to be loading crude oil from Iran’s Khargh Island, its main oil distribution terminal in the Arabian Gulf.
Tracking data separately shows the vessel near Khargh around that time before heading to Singapore.
Satellite-tracking data from MarineTraffic.com showed the Suez Rajan still in the same area of the transfer as of Friday.
Fleetscape said on February 18 that the Suez Rajan was “operated and managed by Empire Navigation” and that Fleetscape “has no role in the operation of Empire’s fleet.”
However, Fleetscape ultimately owns the tanker.
“Fleetscape is committed to using best practices in its operations and complying with US sanctions laws,” the company said then. “We take any allegation of non-compliance very seriously and are co-operating fully with the US authorities in a thorough investigation into this matter.”
Empire Navigation, based in Athens, Greece, did not immediately respond to a request for comment on Friday. The US Treasury, which investigates and enforces sanctions, did not immediately respond to questions.
Iran’s mission to the UN also did not respond to requests for comment.
The US government’s 9/11 Commission found Iranian officials met with Al Qaeda leaders in Sudan in either 1991 or early 1992. The commission said Al Qaeda militants later received training in Lebanon from the Shiite militant group Hezbollah, which Iran backs to this day.
In 2017, the CIA also released documents seized during the raid that killed Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden that appeared to bolster the US claims.
Before the 9/11 attacks on New York’s World Trade Centre and the Pentagon in Washington, Iran would allow Al Qaeda militants to pass through its borders without receiving stamps in their passports or with visas obtained ahead of time at its consulate in Karachi, Pakistan, according to a 19-page Al Qaeda-written report included in the CIA documents.
That helped the organisation’s Saudi members avoid suspicion. They also had contact with Iranian intelligence agents, according to the report.
This also matches with US knowledge. Eight of the 10 “muscle” hijackers on September 11, 2001 — those who kept passengers under control on the hijacked flights — passed through Iran before arriving in the US, according to the 9/11 Commission.
However, the commission “found no evidence that Iran or Hezbollah was aware of the planning for what later became the 9/11 attack”.
Iran has long denied having ties to Al Qaeda. However, in 2003, it apparently rounded up Al Qaeda members living in the country, including Hamza bin Laden, son of Al Qaeda’s leader, according to experts and the militant group.
In 2019, the US said it killed Hamza in a counterterrorism operation in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region.
While legal experts have viewed the judgment against Iran as largely unenforceable, the US has been seizing Iranian crude oil found at sea.
America last year sold about 2 million barrels of Iranian crude oil after seizing an oil tanker off the coast of the UAE.