Scientists reverse ageing in human skin by 30 years

It is hoped the discovery will lead researchers to identify and target genes that rejuvenate

File photo dated 19/05/08 of a woman looking through a microscope. Researchers have reversed ageing in human skin cells by 30 years, according to a new study. Scientists say they have developed a method to time jump human skin cells by three decades longer than previous reprogramming methods, rewinding the ageing clock without the cells losing their function. Issue date: Friday April 8, 2022. PA

Researchers say they have reversed ageing in human skin cells by 30 years – longer than previous methods and without the cells losing their function.

They describe being able to partly restore the function of older cells and renew the biological age.

The say that in experiments that simulated a skin wound, the partially rejuvenated cells showed signs of behaving more like youthful cells.

Experts suggest that, while in their early stages, the findings could eventually revolutionise regenerative medicine, especially if it can be replicated in other cell types.

“This work has very exciting implications," said Prof Wolf Reik, a group leader in the Epigenetics research programme who has recently moved to lead the Altos Labs Cambridge Institute.

“Eventually we may be able to identify genes that rejuvenate without reprogramming, and specifically target those to reduce the effects of ageing.

“This approach holds promise for valuable discoveries that could open up an amazing therapeutic horizon.”

Dr Diljeet Gill, a postdoctoral researcher in Prof Reik’s lab at the Babraham Institute who conducted the work as a PhD student, said: “Our results represent a big step forward in our understanding of cell reprogramming.

“We have proved that cells can be rejuvenated without losing their function and that rejuvenation looks to restore some function to old cells.

“The fact that we also saw a reverse of ageing indicators in genes associated with diseases is particularly promising for the future of this work.”

As people age, their cells’ ability to function declines and the genome, or DNA blueprint, accumulates marks of ageing.

Regenerative biology aims to repair or replace cells, including old ones.

One of the most important tools in regenerative biology is our ability to create "induced" stem cells. But this process essentially wipes the cells of their function and gives them the potential to become any cell type.

The new method, based on the Nobel Prize-winning technique scientists use to make stem cells, overcomes the problem of erasing cell identity by stopping reprogramming part of the way through the process.

This allowed researchers to find the precise balance between reprogramming cells, making them biologically younger, while still being able to regain their specialised cell function.

They say the potential applications of this technique are dependent on the cells not only appearing younger but functioning like young cells too.

Experts suggest that, in the future, the research might also open up other therapeutic possibilities.

They observed that their method also had an effect on other genes linked to age-related diseases and symptoms, such as the APBA2 gene associated with Alzheimer’s disease, and the MAF gene with a role in the development of cataracts.

The research is published in the journal eLife.

Updated: April 07, 2022, 11:01 PM