Spectre of 2008 haunts world economy
Investors, businesses, consumers and sovereign nations have trillions of dollars staked on the recovery of the global economy.
The world can ill afford another downturn as fears mount of another financial crash just three years after the crisis in 2008, economists say. If a downturn bites again, they say government finances across the globe would be severely strained, investors would lose money and slowing consumer demand would hamper business growth.
Oil prices would probably decline too, putting additional pressure on government budgets in the Gulf. And even if countries in Asia were able to weather such a storm sheltered by their low debt levels and healthy banking systems, that may not be enough to prop up oil prices already down by about 10 per cent since late last month.
"While Asian demand will be significantly stronger than in other parts of the world, we do not believe this will be sufficient to avoid declines," said Ross Strachan, a commodities economist at Capital Economics in London. Concern about the state of the global economy has risen recently as a result of sharp declines in markets during the past three weeks, coupled with mixed economic data from the US and Europe.
Standard & Poor's downgraded of the country's credit rating last Friday, sending world markets into their steepest drop since the downturn three years ago. Better than expected retail sales, which climbed in July by the most in four months, has not turned sentiment around.
Trouble has also been brewing across the Atlantic, where European leaders are at pains to solve a crippling sovereign debt crisis. French economic growth ground to a halt in the second quarter. The European Central Bank has resumed a bond-buying programme to prop up prices for Spanish and Italian government debt after instability threatened to spread to two of the continent's core economies. Worry about a downgrade of France's credit rating has only exacerbated tension in markets.
Clawing back from the abyss of another financial catastrophe is critical for the world's economy, said Dr Giyas Gokkent, the chief economist at the National Bank of Abu Dhabi.
A big part of making that happen, he said, hinged on whether Europe's fractured political alliance could withstand the most recent bout of economic ill health.
"If they could act with unity, I think they could sort out their problems," he said. "The issue is that it's not a single country like the US and therefore you have this problem where quite a few countries are vulnerable, they're running deficits, they have high debt levels, and there are other countries with a surplus. I'm not quite sure how that plays out, but I think if they were to remain united, they have the capacity to deal with the problems."
* with additional reporting by Tom Arnold, Gillian Duncan, Hadeel al Sayegh and April Yee
Published: August 14, 2011 04:00 AM