Adani group shares extended their sharp falls on Monday as the Indian conglomerate's rebuttal of a US short-seller's criticism failed to pacify investors, driving stock market losses for the companies to almost $70 billion over three days.
Flagship Adani Enterprises, which is facing a crucial test this week with a follow-on share offering, fell 2.5 per cent, reversing its initial gains of as much as 10 per cent and staying significantly below the offer price.
Adani, led by Asia's richest man Gautam Adani, has locked horns with Hindenburg Research and on Sunday hit back at the short-seller's report of last week that flagged concerns about its debt levels and the use of tax havens.
Adani said it complies with all local laws and had made the necessary regulatory disclosures.
Adani Transmission, Adani Total Gas, Adani Green Energy, Adani Power, Adani Wilmar and Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone fell between 4.2 per cent and 20 per cent on Monday.
Adani Enterprises' $2.5 billion secondary share sale entered its second day amid weak investor sentiment. The stock was trading at 2,686 rupees ($33), 13.6 per cent below the 3,112 rupees lower end of the offer price band. The upper band is 3,276 rupees.
Initial data from stock exchanges on Monday showed Adani has now received bids for 687,840, or 1.5 per cent, of the 45.5 million of shares on offer. The deal closes on Tuesday.
Foreign and domestic institutional investors, as well as mutual funds, have made no bids so far, according to the data.
"Retail participation is likely to have a shortfall with current market prices still trailing the offer price and sentiment taking a hit due to the Hindenburg controversy," said Hemang Jani, equity strategist at Motilal Oswal Financial Services.
"While there is a risk that the share sale does not go through, it will be crucial today to wait and see how institutional investors participate."
Adani Group told Reuters on Saturday that the sale remains on schedule at the planned issue price, even as sources said bankers of the country's largest secondary share sale were considering extending the timeline beyond January 31, or tweaking the price due to the fall in its share price.
Indian regulations say the share offering must receive minimum subscription of 90 per cent, and if it does not, the issuer must refund the entire amount. Maybank Securities is among investors who bid for the anchor portion of the issue.
Maybank said in a statement "there is no financial impact" as the subscription to Adani's offer was fully funded by client funds.
State-run insurance behemoth, Life Insurance Corporation, also invested, taking 5 per cent of the anchor portion of around $734 million. It already holds a 4.23 per cent stake in the flagship Adani firm, while its other group exposure includes a 9.14 per cent stake in Adani Ports and 5.96 per cent in Adani Total Gas.
On Saturday, index provider MSCI said it was seeking feedback from market participants on Adani and was monitoring the factors that "may impact the eligibility of those relevant securities" in MSCI indexes. There are at least six Adani Group companies in the MSCI India Index, with a cumulative weight of 4.31 per cent.
"The stocks run the risk of getting excluded from the MSCI. This may not immediately happen, but those funds who have bought it based on the MSCI ... their investors will ask them to not continue with the holding and that's where this threat has emerged," said Deven Choksey, founder and managing director of KR Choksey Group.
The Hindenburg report has led to a massive wipeout in seven listed companies of the Adani group since last week. As of Monday, the seven listed group entities have collectively lost $66 billion in market capitalisation since the report was released.
Adani Total Gas lost the most, at $21 billion.
On Monday, responding to Adani's rebuttal, Hindenburg said the "response largely confirmed our findings and ignored our key questions".
In its response on Sunday, Adani highlighted its relationships with local and international banks and touted its access to diverse funding sources and structures, listing US banks Citigroup and JPMorgan Chase and European lenders such as BNP Paribas, Credit Suisse and Deutsche Bank.
But the continuing stock market meltdown is a dramatic setback for 60-year-old Adani. The school-dropout's stunning rise came with over 1,500 per cent gains in some of his group stocks over three years, making him the world's third richest man before he slipped to rank eight on the Forbes list on Monday.
Hindenburg's report said five of seven key listed Adani companies have reported current ratios, a measure of liquid assets minus near-term liabilities, of below 1 which it said suggested "a heightened short-term liquidity risk".
It said key listed Adani companies had "substantial debt" which has put the entire group on a "precarious financial footing" and that shares in seven Adani listed companies have an 85 per cent downside due to what it called "sky-high valuations".
Adani's response on Sunday stated that over the past decade, its group companies have "consistently de-levered".