RABAT // Nearly a year after Morocco was shocked by the suicide of a 16-year-old girl who was forced to marry her alleged rapist, the government has announced plans to change the penal code to outlaw the traditional practice.
Women's rights activists on Tuesday welcomed the justice minister Mustapha Ramid's announcement, but said it was only a first step in reforming a penal code that doesn't do enough to stop violence against women.
A paragraph in Article 475 of the penal code allows those convicted of "corruption" or "kidnapping" of a minor to go free if they marry their victim and the practice was encouraged by judges to spare family shame.
Last March, Amina Al Filali, 16, poisoned herself to get out of a seven-month-old abusive marriage to a 23-year-old she said had raped her. Her parents and a judge had pushed the marriage to protect family honour. The incident sparked calls for the law to be changed.
The traditional practice can be found across the Middle East and in places such as India and Afghanistan where the loss of a woman's virginity out of wedlock is a huge stain on the honour of the family or tribe.
While the marriage age is officially 18, judges routinely approve much younger unions in Morocco.
"Changing this article is a good thing but it doesn't meet all of our demands," said Khadija Ryadi, the president of the Moroccan Association for Human Rights. "The penal code has to be totally reformed because it contains many provisions that discriminate against women and doesn't protect women against violence."
She singled out in particular outmoded parts of the law that distinguish between "rape resulting in deflowering and just plain rape." The new article proposed on Monday, for instance, gives a 10-year penalty for consensual sex following the corruption of a minor but doubles the sentence if the sex results in "deflowering".
Fouzia Assouli, the president of the Democratic League for Women's Rights, echoed Ms Ryadi's concerns, saying that the code only penalises violence against women from a moral standpoint "and not because it is just violence".
"The law doesn't recognise certain forms of violence against women, such as conjugal rape, while it still penalises other normal behaviour like sex outside of marriage between adults," she said. Recent government statistics reported that 50 per cent of attacks against women occur within conjugal relations.
The change to the penal code follows nearly a year of the Islamist-dominated government balking at reforming the law.
The justice ministry at the time argued that Amina had not been raped and the sex, which took place when she was 15, had been consensual. The prime minister later argued in front of parliament that the marriage provision in the article was, in any case, rarely used.
"In 550 cases of the corruption of minors between 2009 and 2010, only seven were married under Article 475 of the penal code, the rest were pursued by justice," Abdelilah Benkirane said on December 24.
While Morocco updated its family code in 2004, a comprehensive law combating violence against women has been languishing in parliament for the past eight years.