Israel extended a national lockdown on Sunday as coronavirus variants derailed its vaccination drive and officials predicted a delay in recovery from the health and economic crises.
Highlighting Israel's challenges in enforcing restrictions, thousands of ultra-Orthodox Jews attended the Jerusalem funerals of two prominent rabbis on Sunday, drawing criticism from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's coalition partners.
Mr Netanyahu has promoted a speedy vaccination of Israel's most vulnerable – around 24 per cent of nine million citizens – and the lockdown as dual pathways to a possible reopening of the economy in February.
But a projected mid-January turnaround in curbing the pandemic did not happen.
The number of serious cases has surged among Israelis who have not been vaccinated. Officials blamed that on communicable foreign virus strains and on lockdown resistance.
Mr Netanyahu's Cabinet voted to extend the five-week-old lockdown until Friday, with a separate ban on international flights to remain in place until Sunday, his office said.
Parliament earlier voted to double fines for lockdown violators to 10,000 shekels ($3,051).
Violations by ultra-Orthodox Jews, who are among the more conservative of Mr Netanyahu's supporters, have been played up by political rivals in questioning the lockdown's efficacy – and building opposition to him ahead of a March 23 election.
"Either everyone is locked down, or everything is opened up for everyone. The days of chicanery are over," Defence Minister Benny Gantz, Mr Netanyahu's centrist coalition partner and now election competitor, wrote on Twitter.
In an apparent defence of ultra-Orthodox Jews, Mr Netanyahu said that lockdown violations had taken place among secular Israelis and the country's Arab minority, as well.
"To concentrate on the violations of one group and ignore the violations of others – they must all stop. This is the time for unity," Mr Netanyahu said in a statement before the Cabinet vote.
Delay in exit plan
The ultra-Orthodox, whose often high-density communities make up around 15 per cent of Israel's population, account for some 35 per cent of recent contagions, according to the Health Ministry.
Deputy Health Minister Yoav Kisch said there would be "a few weeks' delay" to the Israeli exit plan, and set a higher vaccination threshold for a turnaround.
"Our goal is to achieve 5.5 million (fully vaccinated citizens) and I reckon that the moment we cross the three-to-three-and-a half million [mark], you will already see change," he told Kan radio.
As of Saturday, 1.7 million Israelis had received the second dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine more than a week ago, achieving the maximum 95 per cent protection, the Health Ministry said.
About a further 1.3 million had either received one dose and were awaiting the second or had received the second dose within the past week and so were not yet designated as fully vaccinated.