Indonesia’s elite anti-terror squad escorts suspects in a January 2016 bombing in Jakarta. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack, and Indonesia is concerned about the return of an estimated 500 nationals who are believed to still be in Syria and Iraq, as the extremist group loses ground in the region. Associated Press
Indonesia’s elite anti-terror squad escorts suspects in a January 2016 bombing in Jakarta. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack, and Indonesia is concerned about the return of an estimated 500 nShow more

ISIL looks east to Indonesia to build what it has lost nearer home



JAKARTA // The fanatics of ISIL may be increasingly on the ropes in their Middle East stomping grounds, but in Indonesia there are fears that when those strongholds collapse they will scatter battle-hardened extremists across South-east Asia.

Eager to build networks and plan bomb attacks, the hundreds of returning militants could end the hiatus that came after they slipped out of their homeland in 2013-2014 and joined what they regarded as an historic mission to protect the ISIL caliphate.

Since the start of this year, six terrorists have been killed in domestic attacks that have claimed four victims, all of them during a January 14 pistol-and-bomb assault in Jakarta in which at least one explosive backpack detonated prematurely.

Another 40 militants have been arrested in that time, testimony to the continuing effectiveness of Indonesia’s elite Detachment 88 counter-terrorism unit which was formed after the 2002 Bali nightclub bombings carried out by the now-decimated Jemaah Islamiyah regional terrorist network.

While ISIL was quick to claim responsibility for the Jakarta attack, the militants were ridiculed on social media in the Middle East for botching the operation and senior pro-ISIL figures in Indonesia said it had been too hastily put together.

Indeed, within weeks of the incident, Detachment 88 had effectively dismantled five of the 11 active ISIL cells known to Indonesian authorities at the time, compounding the persistent failure of local supporters to form a unified branch.

Other embarrassments followed. On July 5, a motorcycle-borne suicide bomber blew himself up outside the Solo police headquarters in Central Java province, after being refused entry into the compound.

A few hours later, an audio recording of the bomber’s voice began circulating on the internet in which he said, “Don’t live like sheep in the land of the kaffir, but live and die like a lion.” The manner of his death did not seem appropriate.

The attacker was a member of a Central Java anti-vice group that turned to terrorism after being radicalised by Bahrun Naim, a leading Indonesian ISIL figure in Syria who has been calling for such attacks for the past year.

Police captured six of Naim’s followers a month later on the island of Batam, off the east coast of Sumatra, while allegedly plotting a rocket attack on Singapore’s upmarket Marina Bay district 15 kilometres away.

The most recent incident was on August 28 when a knife-wielding assailant stabbed a Catholic priest in the arm and then unsuccessfully sought to trigger an explosive device in a church in Medan, Sumatra’s largest city.

Political coordinating minister Wiranto said the 17-year-old attacker’s cell phone showed he was obsessed with Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi, the ISIL leader, although he did not appear to have other affiliations to the organisation.

Outside of Indonesia, the only confirmed ISIL-inspired incident in the region has been a grenade attack on a Kuala Lumpur cafe on June 28, which wounded eight people and put nine suspects in custody – the first terrorism violence in Malaysia in years.

The police in the Philippines have yet to determine whether ISIL elements of the Abu Sayyaf terror group were behind the bombing of a night market in president Rodrigo Duterte’s hometown of Davao on September 2 that killed 14 people and wounded 17 others.

The southern Philippine island of Mindanao has been the scene of frequent bombings since the 1970s as government forces have periodically sought to crack down on heavily-armed Muslim rebels seeking independence from Manila’s bumbling rule.

Intelligence sources say the explosion had the hallmarks of a notorious bomber-for-hire, one of 15 Filipinos trained in the mid-1990s by Jemaah Islamiyah.

Only the Maute faction of Abu Sayyaf, based on the southern Mindanao island of Basilan, has declared its allegiance to ISIL. The rest of the loose alliance spend more time carrying out kidnappings for ransom than espousing radical beliefs.

Published figures for the number of Malaysians and Filipinos fighting in the Middle East vary widely, but most reports suggest it may be no more than 150 to 200 – and even that may be exaggerated.

In Singapore, security agents rounded up eight Bangladesh immigrant workers last May for allegedly plotting the overthrow of the Bangladesh government. Another 27 Muslim migrants were deported last year for the same reason, but Singapore never appears to have been a target or a genuine source of recruitment.

Indonesia’s concerns rest with the estimated 500 Indonesian nationals who are believed to still be in Syria and Iraq – about 200 fighters and the rest made up of women and children.

More than 100 Indonesians have died in the conflict so far, including the 19-year-old son of executed Bali bomber Imam Samudra, who was killed in Syria in October last year. Among six killed last week was a 13-year-old fighter.

Terrorism expert Sidney Jones, director of Jakarta’s Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict, says while about 285 Indonesians have been stopped from entering Syria, only 12 of the deportees were arrested on their return to Indonesia for crimes allegedly committed before they left.

Only two dozen militants have returned from the battlefield since last year, said Ms Jones, but they are not automatically detained and it is unclear what systems the National Anti-Terrorism Bureau has in place – if any – to keep track of them.

In February, in the first case of its kind, seven Indonesians were jailed for between three and five years for conspiring with ISIL and propagating extremist ideology, including four who had travelled to Syria to undergo military training.

Given Indonesia’s poor record of reforming convicted terrorists, and indeed for monitoring them effectively, even those released from jail in recent years could provide the weapons knowledge that the current crop of jihadists is missing.

Most members of the old Jemaah Islamiyah network learnt bomb-making skills at training camps in Pakistan and Afghanistan in the late 1980s and 1990s and then moved on to wreak havoc in a series of bombings in Indonesia which claimed hundreds of lives between 2001 and 2009.

foreign.desk@thenational.ae

Ovo's tips to find extra heat
  • Open your curtains when it’s sunny
  • Keep your oven open after cooking
  • Have a cuddle with pets and loved ones to help stay cosy
  • Eat ginger but avoid chilli as it makes you sweat
  • Put on extra layers
  • Do a few star jumps
  • Avoid alcohol
COMPANY PROFILE

Name: Haltia.ai
Started: 2023
Co-founders: Arto Bendiken and Talal Thabet
Based: Dubai, UAE
Industry: AI
Number of employees: 41
Funding: About $1.7 million
Investors: Self, family and friends

PLAY-OFF DRAW

Barcelona v Manchester United

Juventus v Nantes

Sporting Lisbon v Midtjylland

Shakhtar Donetsk v Rennes

Ajax v Union Berlin

Bayer Leverkusen v Monaco

Sevilla v PSV Eindhoven

Salzburg v Roma

What is the FNC?

The Federal National Council is one of five federal authorities established by the UAE constitution. It held its first session on December 2, 1972, a year to the day after Federation.
It has 40 members, eight of whom are women. The members represent the UAE population through each of the emirates. Abu Dhabi and Dubai have eight members each, Sharjah and Ras al Khaimah six, and Ajman, Fujairah and Umm Al Quwain have four.
They bring Emirati issues to the council for debate and put those concerns to ministers summoned for questioning. 
The FNC’s main functions include passing, amending or rejecting federal draft laws, discussing international treaties and agreements, and offering recommendations on general subjects raised during sessions.
Federal draft laws must first pass through the FNC for recommendations when members can amend the laws to suit the needs of citizens. The draft laws are then forwarded to the Cabinet for consideration and approval. 
Since 2006, half of the members have been elected by UAE citizens to serve four-year terms and the other half are appointed by the Ruler’s Courts of the seven emirates.
In the 2015 elections, 78 of the 252 candidates were women. Women also represented 48 per cent of all voters and 67 per cent of the voters were under the age of 40.
 

What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, which can lead to fibrosis (scarring), cirrhosis or liver cancer.

There are 5 main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.

Hepatitis C is mostly transmitted through exposure to infective blood. This can occur through blood transfusions, contaminated injections during medical procedures, and through injecting drugs. Sexual transmission is also possible, but is much less common.

People infected with hepatitis C experience few or no symptoms, meaning they can live with the virus for years without being diagnosed. This delay in treatment can increase the risk of significant liver damage.

There are an estimated 170 million carriers of Hepatitis C around the world.

The virus causes approximately 399,000 fatalities each year worldwide, according to WHO.

 

PREMIER LEAGUE STATS

Romelu Lukaku's goalscoring statistics in the Premier League
Season/club/appearances (substitute)/goals

2011/12 Chelsea: 8(7) - 0
2012/13 West Brom (loan): 35(15) - 17
2013/14 Chelsea: 2(2) - 0
2013/14 Everton (loan): 31(2) - 15
2014/15 Everton: 36(4) - 10
2015/16 Everton: 37(1) - 18
2016/17 Everton: 37(1) - 25

ABU DHABI CARD

5pm: Wathba Stallions Cup – Handicap (PA) Dh70,000 (Turf) 2,200m
5.30pm: Rub Al Khali – Maiden (PA) Dh80,000 (T) 1,400m
6pm: Al Marmoom Desert – Maiden (PA) Dh80,000 (T) 1,600m
6.30pm: Liwa Oasis – Handicap (PA) Dh80,000 (T) 1,400m
7pm: Al Khatim Desert – Handicap (PA) Dh80,000 (T) 1,600m
7.30pm: Al Quadra Desert – Handicap (TB) Dh80,000 (T) 1,600m

Federer's 19 grand slam titles

Australian Open (5 titles) - 2004 bt Marat Safin; 2006 bt Marcos Baghdatis; 2007 bt Fernando Gonzalez; 2010 bt Andy Murray; 2017 bt Rafael Nadal

French Open (1 title) - 2009 bt Robin Soderling

Wimbledon (8 titles) - 2003 bt Mark Philippoussis; 2004 bt Andy Roddick; 2005 bt Andy Roddick; 2006 bt Rafael Nadal; 2007 bt Rafael Nadal; 2009 bt Andy Roddick; 2012 bt Andy Murray; 2017 bt Marin Cilic

US Open (5 titles) - 2004 bt Lleyton Hewitt; 2005 bt Andre Agassi; 2006 bt Andy Roddick; 2007 bt Novak Djokovic; 2008 bt Andy Murray

Race 3

Produced: Salman Khan Films and Tips Films
Director: Remo D’Souza
Cast: Salman Khan, Anil Kapoor, Jacqueline Fernandez, Bobby Deol, Daisy Shah, Saqib Salem
Rating: 2.5 stars

Company profile

Name: Homie Portal LLC

Started: End of 2021 

Founder: Abdulla Al Kamda 

Based: Dubai

Sector: FinTech 

Initial investment: Undisclosed 

Current number of staff: 14 

Investment stage: Launch 

Investors: Self-funded

If you go

The flights

Fly direct to London from the UAE with Etihad, Emirates, British Airways or Virgin Atlantic from about Dh2,500 return including taxes. 

The hotel

Rooms at the convenient and art-conscious Andaz London Liverpool Street cost from £167 (Dh800) per night including taxes.

The tour

The Shoreditch Street Art Tour costs from £15 (Dh73) per person for approximately three hours. 

The specs

Price: From Dh529,000

Engine: 5-litre V8

Transmission: Eight-speed auto

Power: 520hp

Torque: 625Nm

Fuel economy, combined: 12.8L/100km

The specs

Engine: 2.0-litre 4-cylturbo

Transmission: seven-speed DSG automatic

Power: 242bhp

Torque: 370Nm

Price: Dh136,814

Monster

Directed by: Anthony Mandler

Starring: Kelvin Harrison Jr., John David Washington 

3/5

 

Dengue fever symptoms

High fever (40°C/104°F)
Severe headache
Pain behind the eyes
Muscle and joint pains
Nausea
Vomiting
Swollen glands
Rash

Bombshell

Director: Jay Roach

Stars: Nicole Kidman, Charlize Theron, Margot Robbie 

Four out of five stars 

Dengue fever symptoms
  • High fever
  • Intense pain behind your eyes
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle and joint pains
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Swollen glands
  • Rash

If symptoms occur, they usually last for two-seven days

SPECS

Engine: Two-litre four-cylinder turbo
Power: 235hp
Torque: 350Nm
Transmission: Nine-speed automatic
Price: From Dh167,500 ($45,000)
On sale: Now

COMPANY PROFILE

Company: Eco Way
Started: December 2023
Founder: Ivan Kroshnyi
Based: Dubai, UAE
Industry: Electric vehicles
Investors: Bootstrapped with undisclosed funding. Looking to raise funds from outside

COMPANY PROFILE

Name: SmartCrowd
Started: 2018
Founder: Siddiq Farid and Musfique Ahmed
Based: Dubai
Sector: FinTech / PropTech
Initial investment: $650,000
Current number of staff: 35
Investment stage: Series A
Investors: Various institutional investors and notable angel investors (500 MENA, Shurooq, Mada, Seedstar, Tricap)

PROFILE

Name: Enhance Fitness 

Year started: 2018 

Based: UAE 

Employees: 200 

Amount raised:+$3m 

Investors: Global Ventures and angel investors 

Primera Liga fixtures (all times UAE: +4 GMT)

Friday
Real Sociedad v Villarreal (10.15pm)
Real Betis v Celta Vigo (midnight)
Saturday
Alaves v Barcelona (8.15pm)
Levante v Deportivo La Coruna (10.15pm)
Girona v Malaga (10.15pm)
Las Palmas v Atletico Madrid (12.15am)
Sunday
Espanyol v Leganes (8.15pm)
Eibar v Athletic Bilbao (8.15pm)
Getafe v Sevilla (10.15pm)
Real Madrid v Valencia (10.15pm)

Company profile

Name: The Concept

Founders: Yadhushan Mahendran, Maria Sobh and Muhammad Rijal

Based: Abu Dhabi

Founded: 2017

Number of employees: 7

Sector: Aviation and space industry

Funding: $250,000

Future plans: Looking to raise $1 million investment to boost expansion and develop new products

Profile of VoucherSkout

Date of launch: November 2016

Founder: David Tobias

Based: Jumeirah Lake Towers

Sector: Technology

Size: 18 employees

Stage: Embarking on a Series A round to raise $5 million in the first quarter of 2019 with a 20 per cent stake

Investors: Seed round was self-funded with “millions of dollars” 

MATCH INFO

World Cup 2022 qualifier

UAE v Indonesia, Thursday, 8pm

Venue: Al Maktoum Stadium, Dubai

Our legal columnist

Name: Yousef Al Bahar

Advocate at Al Bahar & Associate Advocates and Legal Consultants, established in 1994

Education: Mr Al Bahar was born in 1979 and graduated in 2008 from the Judicial Institute. He took after his father, who was one of the first Emirati lawyers

Company Profile

Company name: Cargoz
Date started: January 2022
Founders: Premlal Pullisserry and Lijo Antony
Based: Dubai
Number of staff: 30
Investment stage: Seed

Specs: 2024 McLaren Artura Spider

Engine: 3.0-litre twin-turbo V6 and electric motor
Max power: 700hp at 7,500rpm
Max torque: 720Nm at 2,250rpm
Transmission: Eight-speed dual-clutch auto
0-100km/h: 3.0sec
Top speed: 330kph
Price: From Dh1.14 million ($311,000)
On sale: Now

Zakat definitions

Zakat: an Arabic word meaning ‘to cleanse’ or ‘purification’.

Nisab: the minimum amount that a Muslim must have before being obliged to pay zakat. Traditionally, the nisab threshold was 87.48 grams of gold, or 612.36 grams of silver. The monetary value of the nisab therefore varies by current prices and currencies.

Zakat Al Mal: the ‘cleansing’ of wealth, as one of the five pillars of Islam; a spiritual duty for all Muslims meeting the ‘nisab’ wealth criteria in a lunar year, to pay 2.5 per cent of their wealth in alms to the deserving and needy.

Zakat Al Fitr: a donation to charity given during Ramadan, before Eid Al Fitr, in the form of food. Every adult Muslim who possesses food in excess of the needs of themselves and their family must pay two qadahs (an old measure just over 2 kilograms) of flour, wheat, barley or rice from each person in a household, as a minimum.

RESULTS

Light Flyweight (48kg): Alua Balkibekova (KAZ) beat Gulasal Sultonalieva (UZB) by points 4-1.

Flyweight (51kg): Nazym Kyzaibay (KAZ) beat Mary Kom (IND) 3-2.

Bantamweight (54kg): Dina Zholaman (KAZ) beat Sitora Shogdarova (UZB) 3-2.

Featherweight (57kg): Sitora Turdibekova (UZB) beat Vladislava Kukhta (KAZ) 5-0.

Lightweight (60kg): Rimma Volossenko (KAZ) beat Huswatun Hasanah (INA) KO round-1.

Light Welterweight (64kg): Milana Safronova (KAZ) beat Lalbuatsaihi (IND) 3-2.

Welterweight (69kg): Valentina Khalzova (KAZ) beat Navbakhor Khamidova (UZB) 5-0

Middleweight (75kg): Pooja Rani (IND) beat Mavluda Movlonova (UZB) 5-0.

Light Heavyweight (81kg): Farida Sholtay (KAZ) beat Ruzmetova Sokhiba (UZB) 5-0.

Heavyweight (81+kg): Lazzat Kungeibayeva (KAZ) beat Anupama (IND) 3-2.

Notable Yas events in 2017/18

October 13-14 KartZone (complimentary trials)

December 14-16 The Gulf 12 Hours Endurance race

March 5 Yas Marina Circuit Karting Enduro event

March 8-9 UAE Rotax Max Challenge

SPECS

Engine: 4-litre V8 twin-turbo
Power: 630hp
Torque: 850Nm
Transmission: 8-speed Tiptronic automatic
Price: From Dh599,000
On sale: Now

Expert advice

“Join in with a group like Cycle Safe Dubai or TrainYAS, where you’ll meet like-minded people and always have support on hand.”

Stewart Howison, co-founder of Cycle Safe Dubai and owner of Revolution Cycles

“When you sweat a lot, you lose a lot of salt and other electrolytes from your body. If your electrolytes drop enough, you will be at risk of cramping. To prevent salt deficiency, simply add an electrolyte mix to your water.”

Cornelia Gloor, head of RAK Hospital’s Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy Centre 

“Don’t make the mistake of thinking you can ride as fast or as far during the summer as you do in cooler weather. The heat will make you expend more energy to maintain a speed that might normally be comfortable, so pace yourself when riding during the hotter parts of the day.”

Chandrashekar Nandi, physiotherapist at Burjeel Hospital in Dubai
 

The biog

Name: Maitha Qambar

Age: 24

Emirate: Abu Dhabi

Education: Master’s Degree

Favourite hobby: Reading

She says: “Everyone has a purpose in life and everyone learns from their experiences”

How to vote in the UAE

1) Download your ballot https://www.fvap.gov/

2) Take it to the US Embassy

3) Deadline is October 15

4) The embassy will ensure all ballots reach the US in time for the November 3 poll

MEDIEVIL (1998)

Developer: SCE Studio Cambridge
Publisher: Sony Computer Entertainment
Console: PlayStation, PlayStation 4 and 5
Rating: 3.5/5

MATCH INFO

BRIGHTON 0

MANCHESTER UNITED 3

McTominay 44'

Mata 73'

Pogba 80'

The Roundup : No Way Out

Director: Lee Sang-yong
Stars: Don Lee, Lee Jun-hyuk, Munetaka Aoki
Rating: 3/5

ANDROID VERSION NAMES, IN ORDER

Android Alpha

Android Beta

Android Cupcake

Android Donut

Android Eclair

Android Froyo

Android Gingerbread

Android Honeycomb

Android Ice Cream Sandwich

Android Jelly Bean

Android KitKat

Android Lollipop

Android Marshmallow

Android Nougat

Android Oreo

Android Pie

Android 10 (Quince Tart*)

Android 11 (Red Velvet Cake*)

Android 12 (Snow Cone*)

Android 13 (Tiramisu*)

Android 14 (Upside Down Cake*)

Android 15 (Vanilla Ice Cream*)

* internal codenames


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