Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid welcomed a Chinese delegation for official talks in Dubai on Monday.
The Vice President and Prime Minister met Wang Qishan, China's Vice President at Zabeel Palace.
Later, Mr Wang was received by Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed at the Presidential Palace in Abu Dhabi.
The Crown Prince and Deputy Supreme Comamnder of Armed Forces said on Twitter the leaders discussed ways to enhance bilateral relations.
The two also discussed regional and international issues of mutual interest.
The visit follows President Xi Jinping's state visit to the UAE in July.
On Sunday, Mr Wang was in Egypt where he met President Abdel Fattah El Sisi and Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly in Cairo, Mena, Egypt's state media agency reported.
The Chinese delegation also visited the Pyramids of Giza and the Egyptian Museum with Rania Al Mashat, the country's Minister of Tourism.