The Middle East needs a female Elon Musk

Role models will hasten the culture shift required for women entrepreneurs to break the glass ceiling

Dina Shoman co-founded The Verity app along with Omar Sharif and Kamal Al Samarrai. Ruel Pableo for The National
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When Elon Musk was once asked what advice he would give to a person who wanted to emulate him, he replied he thought it would be better if they didn't try to be like him in the first place. "Not as much fun [being me] as you would think," he quipped.

On Wednesday, Mr Musk topped the Forbes' 2022 World Billionaires List for the first time. Forbes hailed his efforts to "revolutionise transportation both on Earth, through electric car maker Tesla – and in space, via rocket producer SpaceX".

The day before, Twitter said it would give Mr Musk a seat on its board after he took a 9 per cent stake in the company. He is likely to use his new position to make changes at the company, having expressed criticism about Twitter's record on free speech.

As an entrepreneur, he is considered a role model, even if he is a somewhat controversial one at times. His Tesla business delivered a record number of cars over the past year – more than one million – although a Covid-19 surge in China will affect growth going forward.

Mr Musk may well end up making the kind of impact on human progress that people currently expect of him. For the Middle East, though, his example isn't what we need most right now.

Job creation, economic opportunity and tackling inequality are the priorities for this region. Success for Mr Musk in his endeavours will mean little in terms of real change here.

SpaceX owner and Tesla chief executive Elon Musk. Reuters
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There is a bias within families in the Middle East to more easily believe in the potential of sons and brothers

According to the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Report 2021, the time it will take to close the gender gap increased by 36 years in just 12 months. It will now take an estimated 135.6 years for men and women to reach parity.

One of the solutions to this inequality, the Forum says, is to have more women role models.

The kind of role models we need and want for the region can be found taking part in an initiative by the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and Abu Dhabi Global Market to support women entrepreneurs. "She Wins Arabia" supports female-led start-ups across the Middle East and North Africa with finance and mentorship. Dozens of entrepreneurs gathered in Dubai last week during the World Government Summit.

Yehia Houry, who leads venture capitalist Flat6Labs' operations in Tunisia, told the audience in Dubai last week that one thing he had noticed was that women were forced to be more risk averse while men were more able to take a chance on their business ideas. They were able to do this because it was women who paid the bills until their ventures took off.

There is a bias within families in the Middle East, when the likes of male entrepreneurs such as Mr Musk are so high profile, to more easily believe in the potential of sons and brothers and offer them the support, moral or otherwise, that should also be given to daughters and sisters.

According to the World Bank, SMEs led by women in the region have always struggled to access financing but the situation has become "even more dire" since the pandemic.

The IFC, a member of the World Bank Group that is focused on the development of the private sector in emerging markets, is hoping to change attitudes and remove obstacles. Makhtar Diop, the managing director, last week lamented the ratio of women-led small businesses in the region – the second lowest of any region in the world after South Asia.

Mr Diop told The National recently that "the mandate of our institution is to make development inclusive, and we cannot talk about inclusive development without including half of the world – women are half of the world. And when you are excluding them, you excluding half of your potential and ability".

The She Wins Arabia programme aims to finance 50 start-ups. One of them could end up becoming a $1 billion company, known as a "unicorn", propelling its women founders to the forefront of minds when thinking of success stories in the world of business.

Would that help shift perceptions? The better news to focus on is that we have such examples already – in fact there was a room full of them at She Wins Arabia. To name only a handful, there was Dina Shoman, co-founder of The Verity app helping to increase levels of financial literacy, and Samira Owaynat, who started askPepper, which helps restaurants boost their earnings through digital services. Tunisia was well represented, including by Fatma Midani, whose Soul and Planet encourages healthier lifestyles, and Karama Rekik, whose company Healthtrack uses technology to make it easier for patients in Tunisia to source their medicines.

According to a Reuters report, however, for every female entrepreneur in the region, there are another six women who want to start a business but do not manage to achieve this goal.

The good thing is the She Wins Arabia cohort are already making an impact. We just need to give them and others the room to accomplish even more.

Published: April 08, 2022, 4:00 AM
Updated: April 11, 2022, 6:16 AM
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