In Israel, some Americans are more equal than others

The US should deny Israel its visa waiver request until it starts treating Arab Americans with dignity

Israel's Ben Gurion Airport in Lod, east of Tel Aviv. AFP

Last week, The Jerusalem Post ran a story under the headline “Palestinian Americans to be allowed to land at Ben Gurion Airport". Israeli officials are now saying that instead of only permitting Palestinian Americans to cross over the Allenby Bridge from Jordan, they will allow them to fly into Israel’s airport and proceed from there to the West Bank. Israel is offering to make this change to gain entry into the US’s Visa Waiver Programme. If Israel were to gain admittance, its citizens would be able to travel to the US without first securing a visa. It is a privileged recognition that Israel has sought since the VWP was first created.

One key reason why this has never happened, despite continued pressure from Israel's supporters in Washington, is because for any country to join the programme, it must guarantee reciprocity – that is, it must ensure that it will treat all visiting Americans without discrimination and the US must agree to do the same with regard to its citizens.

The problem is that over several decades, clear evidence exists that Israel has engaged in disgraceful, degrading and discriminatory treatment of American citizens of Arab descent who travel to the country. It appears that The Jerusalem Post story is Israel’s effort to signal to Washington that it is now ready to meet at least some of the US requirements. But this Israeli move seems both suspicious and wholly inadequate.

It is suspicious because in 2014, the last time Israel was pressing to enter the programme, Haaretz ran a story under the headline “Israel to US: we’ll ease stance on Pal-Americans, if we join the visa waiver programme". Back then, it blamed the Oslo Accords for its refusal to allow Palestinian Americans to fly into Ben Gurion Airport. Officials claimed that they were respecting the accords and the Palestinian Authority in requiring Palestinians to cross over the Allenby Bridge. However, there is no such provision in the said accords. And despite having said they would make this change seven years ago, it still has not happened.

The promised Israeli move is also woefully inadequate. While the ability of Palestinian Americans to fly into the country is important, it is only one of the many serious issues that have been raised about Israel’s behaviour toward Palestinian and other Arab Americans. Of even greater concern is how Israel treats Arab Americans upon entry – whether in the airport or crossing over the bridge. People suspected of being of Arab descent are routinely singled out for special screening that will often involve hours of repeated harsh interrogation, downloading of information from their phones and laptops, and sometimes even strip searches.

It must be noted that it’s not just Palestinian Americans carrying a Palestinian identification card who receive this treatment, and it’s not only at the point of entry. There are documented statements received from hundreds of Arab Americans, from a variety of backgrounds, who report harrowing and degrading treatment on both entry and exit from Israel.

A few examples come to mind.

PLO chairman Yasser Arafat holds the second phase of the Oslo peace accords after the initialling of the document, September 24, as Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres looks on. Israel and the PLO will officially sign the agreement in Washington later this week.
**POOR QUALITY DOCUMENT

One is that of a Palestinian-American deacon in the Orthodox Church who, with a fellow clergyman, was on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and was told on arrival at the airport that he could not enter because he was of Palestinian descent and needed to go to Jordan. When he replied that he was an American and pointed to his passport, the border official said: “What do you want me to do, kiss your passport? To us, you’re not an American, you are an Arab.” After detaining him for hours, he was forced to buy a ticket and return to the US.

Another example is of a Lebanese American woman, who was teaching in the West Bank and went on a vacation to Europe. She was detained and interrogated for hours on return and eventually denied entry because Israeli officials were concerned that she sought to settle in the West Bank. Because she couldn’t return to her school, she lost her job and was forced to return to the US.

In another instance, a US-born Lebanese American on a business trip to meet with potential partners in the West Bank was detained for six hours and repeatedly interrogated about his father's village in Lebanon, his family history and his position on Palestinian rights. He was eventually allowed in but experienced the same treatment on departure from Ben Gurion Airport.

Each of these stories and hundreds more have been sent to the US Department of State. Yet, little or nothing has been done. What is most unsettling is not just the Israeli behaviour, but the way the US government has appeared to acquiesce to it. The state department knows about these reports, which is why it posts a “travel advisory” telling Arab Americans to expect to be treated in a discriminatory manner. When victims of this abuse have called the American consulate in Jerusalem to ask for assistance, they have been told “there’s nothing we can do to help you". While several secretaries of state have said that they have raised this issue with the Israeli government, "raising the issue" apparently isn't enough because it continues.

US President Joe Biden meets with Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett in the Oval Office of the White House in August last year. AP Photo
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The protection of American citizens’ rights should not be a matter of debate or compromise

In the end, this isn’t just about visa waivers; it’s also about the American government not taking seriously its obligation to protect the rights of its own citizens. The US passport reads: “The Secretary of State of the United States hereby requests all whom it may concern to permit the citizen/national of the United States named herein to pass without delay or hindrance and in case of need to give all lawful aid and protection.”

There is also a 1951 US-Israel Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation, which states that American citizens going to Israel be permitted to "travel therein freely, and to reside at places of their choice; to enjoy liberty of conscience ... and to bury their dead according to their customs." Furthermore, the treaty prohibits Israel from "unlawful molestations of every kind" and guarantees that American citizens be offered "constant protections and security".

With their discriminatory entry-exit polices, Israel has, in effect, declared that they recognise three distinct classes of US citizens: American Jews with special privileges, other Americans whose rights are expected, and Arab Americans, whom Israel does not recognise as full Americans. By failing to stand up to this bigoted policy, the US is effectively upholding it.

The protection of American citizens’ rights should not be a matter of debate or compromise between the US government and any other country. And hollow gestures allowing Palestinian Americans to fly into Ben Gurion does not absolve the US or Israel from fulfilling their respective obligations.

Published: January 11th 2022, 4:00 AM
James Zogby

James Zogby

Dr James Zogby is the president of the Arab American Institute and a columnist for The National