How Singapore is still atop China's futures market even as Hong Kong is edging in

International investors bet on Chinese stocks becoming the latest area of rivalry for the two Asian financial hubs

Singapore and Hong Kong are battling for investors seeking exposure to China’s almost $10 trillion onshore equities market. Reuters
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Six months after Hong Kong introduced equity index futures to make it easier for international investors to bet on Chinese stocks, Singapore still rules the market, although its Asian rival is making inroads.

Hong Kong’s contracts linked to one index of 50 of the largest mainland-listed companies accounted for about 4 per cent of volume in the segment in April, according to Bloomberg calculations based on data from the exchanges. By value, the share rose to 15 per cent.

Singapore Exchange (SGX) still commands about 95 per cent of the volume, said Krishna Guha, an analyst at Jefferies Financial Group in the city-state, who has a buy rating on the bourse operator’s stock.

“While a competing product is always a threat to watch for, so far it seems the impact can be managed,” he said.

Hong Kong’s entry is a threat to SGX in a key business for the South East Asian bourse, where it had held a monopoly since 2006. SGX’s existing product accounts for more than half of its equity derivatives trading volume, and by one estimate from Citigroup, about 10 per cent of its total revenue.

It is the latest area of rivalry for the two Asian financial hubs, which also compete over stock listings, asset management and other parts of derivatives trading.

The competition for investors seeking exposure to China’s almost $10 trillion onshore equities market is based as much on choice of index as it is on trading venue.

Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing introduced its new A50 futures contract in October, tracking the MSCI China A 50 Connect Index. Singapore’s are linked to the FTSE China A50 gauge.

The MSCI measure has dropped 16 per cent this year against a 14 per cent decline in its FTSE counterpart.

Hong Kong’s contracts have been helped by a waiver on trading fees, according to Mr Guha. On top of that, the underlying index has more balanced sector weightings, which allows for more diversification.

By contrast, Singapore provides investors with better liquidity after having held a monopoly in the market for many years. It also has fewer public holidays than Hong Kong.

The average daily volume for the Hong Kong contracts in April was 19,795, according to HKEX. That compares to 481,011 for Singapore, SGX data show.

The average daily notional value for the contracts that month was $1.1 billion in Hong Kong, compared with $6.4bn for Singapore.

As far as stock performance goes, shares of SGX have risen 6.1 per cent this year, while HKEX’s are down 26 per cent.

Both sides are attempting to cancel out the other’s advantages.

FTSE Russell, which created the underlying index for Singapore’s contracts, announced last month that it is reducing the weighting of financials in its gauge and increasing other sectors.

Meanwhile, HKEX allowed trading for some non-Hong Kong dollar denominated futures on public holidays in the city.

Hong Kong’s contracts are still at an early stage, but HKEX is pleased they are being well-received, a representative for the bourse said.

SGX’s deep ecosystem in China A50 index futures cannot be replicated overnight, said Michael Syn, head of equities at SGX.

“As the international A-share market expands, we expect trading activity and open interest to continue to grow,” he said.

Revenue from both products is expected to increase, Bloomberg Intelligence analyst Sharnie Wong wrote in a note in December.

While it has been losing some market share to Hong Kong, Singapore’s A50 futures volume has been rising. Daily average volume for April was up 5 per cent compared with October, according to bourse data.

Hong Kong’s contracts, meanwhile, have yet to start contributing to earnings given the fee waiver, Bloomberg Intelligence’s Wong said. But Bruce Pang, head of macro and strategy research at China Renaissance Securities Hong Kong, a brokerage in the city, said that was only a matter of time.

Updated: May 22, 2022, 5:30 AM