Goldman Sachs predicts US Federal Reserve will raise interest rates five times this year

Bank sees shifts in March, May, July, September and December, which would take the benchmark rate to 1.25 per cent to 1.5 per cent

The Fed could still switch gears if market conditions change or the economy decelerates much faster than projected, or tighten monetary policy even more than forecast if inflation remains high enough. Reuters
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Goldman Sachs Group’s economists joined Wall Street peers in forecasting the US Federal Reserve will raise interest rates more aggressively than they previously expected.

Economists led by Jan Hatzius now predict the Fed will lift its near zero benchmark by 25 basis points five times this year, rather than on four occasions. That would take the benchmark to 1.25 per cent to 1.5 per cent by the end of the year.

Shifts are now seen by Goldman Sachs in March, May, July, September and December. They also expect officials to announce the start of a balance sheet reduction in June.

The switch came days after Fed chairman Jerome Powell said officials were ready to raise rates in March and left the door open to moving at every meeting if needed to curb the fastest inflation in 40 years. A government report on Friday showed the Employment Cost Index rose 4 per cent in the year through December, the most in two decades.

“The evidence that wage growth is running above levels consistent with the Fed’s inflation target has strengthened, and we have revised up our inflation path,” the Goldman Sachs economists said in a report to clients. “In addition, chair Powell’s comments earlier this week made it clear that the Fed leadership is open to a more aggressive pace of tightening.”

The Fed could still switch gears if market conditions change or the economy decelerates much faster than projected, or tighten monetary policy even more than forecast if inflation remains high enough, they said.

Even as they agreed the Fed will do more than they previously bet, banks were divided this week over how aggressive policy makers would be.

Bank of America Corp now predicts seven rate hikes in 2022 and BNP Paribas forecasts six, while JPMorgan Chase & Co and Deutsche Bank see five.

Nomura Holdings even reckons the central bank will deliver a 50 basis points increase in March, which would be the biggest move since 2000.

Updated: January 29, 2022, 2:21 PM
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