To Kill a Mockingbird, a coming-of-age story about racism and injustice, overpowered wizards and time travelers to be voted America's best-loved novel by readers nationwide.
The 1960 book by Harper Lee emerged as No 1 in PBS' The Great American Read survey, whose results were announced Tuesday on the show's finale. More than 4 million votes were cast in the six-month-long contest that put 100 titles to the test. Books that were published as a series counted as a single entry.
The other top-five finishers in order of votes were Diana Gabaldon's Outlander series about a time-spanning love; J K Rowling's Harry Potter boy wizard tales; Jane Austen's romance Pride and Prejudice; and J R R Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings fantasy saga.
Turns out the contest was a Mockingbird runaway.
"The novel started out at No 1 on the first day of the vote, and it never wavered," series host Meredith Vieira said.
Click to watch the full episode of the finale:
Joining her to sing the book's praises was writer Aaron Sorkin, whose adaptation of Mockingbird starts Broadway previews next month, and cast members. Sorkin (The West Wing, The Social Network) said reading Lee's novel was his first brush with "astonishing writing."
"There is soul-crushing injustice in this book that still exists," he said. "And at the centre, morality, decency and what it is to be a person strikes us."
LaTanya Richardson Jackson, who portrays Calpurnia in the play, marvelled at Lee's achievement.
"I was most impressed that a woman wrote that way" during that era, the actress said, and that Lee was so "deeply involved on the right side of right."
Lee's slender, Pulitzer Prize-winning novel proved enduring enough to overcome the popularity of hefty epics adapted as blockbuster movie franchises (the Potter and Tolkien works) or for TV (Outlander). Even Pride and Prejudice, the 200-year-old inspiration for numerous TV and movie versions and with an army of "Janeites" devoted to Austen and her work, couldn't best Lee's novel.
Debbie Ford of Orion, Illinois, an Outlander fan whose love of the books was showcased on an episode of The Great American Read, expressed disappointment they didn't win. But she delighted in the attention they — and the joy of reading — received.
"I believe this PBS series has reminded some of us again that reading is important, and it has exposed us to books that we may not ordinarily pick up. And that's such a good thing!" Ford said in an email Tuesday, adding a friendly plug: "So please go read a book that you have not read before — especially if you haven't yet discovered Outlander!"
To Kill a Mockingbird has sold more than 40 million copies worldwide and remains a fixture on school reading lists. The 1962 screen adaptation won three Oscars, including a best-actor trophy for Gregory Peck's portrayal of heroic Atticus Finch.
Set in the 1930s South, the book centres on attorney Finch and his young children, daughter Scout and son Jem. When Finch defends an African-American man falsely accused of assaulting a white woman, the trial and its repercussions open Scout's eyes to the world around her, good and bad.
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Lee's second published novel, Go Set a Watchman, was written in the 1950s before Mockingbird but is essentially a sequel. After being put aside by the author, it was rediscovered and released in 2015. Lee died the next year at age 89.
Besides the TV series, The Great American Read initiative included a 50,000-member online book club and video content across PBS platforms, Facebook and YouTube that drew more than 5 million views.
The 100-book list voted on by readers was based on an initial survey of about 7,000 Americans, with an advisory panel of experts organising the list. Books had to have been published in English but not written in the language, and one book or series per author was allowed. Bookworms could vote once daily for their favourite work.
The top 20 books were as follows:
1. To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
2. Outlander (series) by Diana Gabaldon
3. Harry Potter (series) by JK Rowling
4. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen
5. The Lord of the Rings (series) by JRR Tolkein
6. Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell
7. Charlotte's Web by EB White
8. Little Women by Louisa May Alcott
9. The Chronicles of Narnia (series) by CS Lewis
10. Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë
11. Anne of Green Gables by LM Montgomery
12. The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck
13. A Tree Grows in Brooklyn by Betty Smith
14. The Book Thief by Marcus Zusak
15. The Great Gatsby by F Scott Fitzgerald
16. The Help by Kathryn Stockett
17. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
18. 1984 by George Orwell
19. And Then There Were None by Agatha Christie
20. Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand