Flights were grounded in South Korea and storm warnings issued on both sides of the Korean peninsula as a typhoon feared to be one of the most powerful in years made its approach on Wednesday.
More than 300 domestic departures were cancelled as Typhoon Maysak churned across waters south of the resort island of Jeju packing gusts of up to 162 kilometres per hour.
South Korean Prime Minister Chung Sye-kyun said the storm was forecast to be similar in strength to 2003's Typhoon Maemi, which left 131 people dead and more than 4 trillion won ($3 billion) in damage.
"We are especially concerned," he said.
Maysak – named after a Cambodian tree – was predicted to make landfall late on Wednesday west of Busan on the southern coast, then make its way up the eastern side of the peninsula before heading northwards into the Sea of Japan, known as the East Sea in Korea.
It was forecast to make landfall again on Thursday near North Korea's industrial city of Chongjin.
"The winds could become more powerful" late on Wednesday and into Thursday, South Korea's Meteorological Administration said, forecasting heavy rainfall of more than 400 millimetres.
Natural disasters tend to have a greater impact in North Korea because of its creaking infrastructure. The country is vulnerable to flooding because many mountains and hills have long been deforested.
Pyongyang's state media said authorities had taken "urgent measures" to minimise the damage.
"Heavy rain and strong winds are expected to hit various areas of the DPRK," said the official KCNA news agency.
Officials had undertaken a "detailed survey of dangerous spots" and inspected infrastructure including railway tunnels and roads, it said.
Typhoon Maysak is the second typhoon in a week to hit the peninsula.
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un last week visited a farming region hit by Typhoon Bavi and expressed relief the damage was "smaller than expected".