The Italian government has approved decrees on the treatment of migrants and rescue vessels in the Mediterranean, dropping stricter measures led by far-right former deputy prime minister Matteo Salvini.
The centre-left coalition government led by Giuseppe Conte on Tuesday lifted sanctions against migrant rescue vessels operating in Italian waters and returned humanitarian protection to arriving asylum seekers.
In 2018 and 2019, Mr Conte’s former coalition partner and Lega Party leader, Mr Salvini, introduced two security decrees that imposed harsh restrictions on rescue ships and migrants arriving in Italy.
Particularly criticised were fines of up to $1.18 million against search and rescue ships operating between Europe and Africa, imposed by Mr Salvini during his 14 months in office.
Under the new rules, fines of between $17,780 and $58,162 and prison sentences of up to two years can be imposed against captains of migrant vessels.
But they will only be charged on ships that fail to communicate adequately with authorities before their arrival in Italian waters.
The Lega leader also repeatedly denied ships carrying rescued migrants entry into ports, resulting in months-long standoffs.
Mr Salvini used Italy's highly divisive migrant crisis to dominate the previous government.
He pushed his anti-immigration stance, posting relentlessly on Facebook and Twitter about the arrival of migrants on Facebook and Twitter.
The extent of the far-right figurehead’s aggressive anti-migrant stance has led to criminal charges being brought against him.
Mr Salvini is accused of kidnapping 131 migrants after he blocked them from disembarking an Italian coastguard vessel in 2019.
He was placed under investigation in the months after he disallowed the Gregoretti from docking for six days.
Conditions on the ship deteriorated considerably over the course of the standoff.
The Italian Senate authorised legal proceedings against Mr Salvini in February.
Current government officials including Mr Conte and Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio have been summoned to testify in the case.
Mr Conte is due to testify at the next hearing on November 20.
Mr Salvini was pushed into the political wilderness in September last year when, with a healthy lead in the opinion polls, he pulled his coalition out of its alliance with the populist Five Star Movement, hoping the move would provide a path to power through elections.
The prospect of the eventual alliance between the centre-left Democratic Party and M5S to thwart his plans did not enter his calculations.