Philippines postpones vote in Mindanao peace process

Election scheduled for May next year to be held in 2025 after former rebels said they needed more time to prepare

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has signed a bill to postpone the vote in Mindanao's Muslim region until 2025. Reuters
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The Philippine government has postponed elections key to ending decades of sectarian bloodshed in a troubled Muslim region, with the pandemic and a stalling peace process blamed for the delay.

The vote in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region on Mindanao island was a key provision in a 2014 peace agreement aimed at ending a conflict estimated to have claimed 150,000 lives, and was scheduled to take place in May 2022.

But former rebels from the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) appointed to lead a transitional government have said they need more time before elections to a local legislature can go ahead.

President Rodrigo Duterte on Thursday signed a bill “resetting the elections in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao to 2025", his spokesman Harry Roque said.

The law grants Mr Duterte the authority to appoint members of an 80-member transition authority whose terms would end with the 2025 election, Mr Roque said.

Former MILF rebels have warned that the failure of the peace process could draw disillusioned Muslim youths in the region towards the more hardline Islamists still waging an armed campaign in the southern Philippines.

But restrictions imposed because of the pandemic and the transitional government's inability to draw up an election code had left them with little choice but to delay the poll, Georgi Engelbrecht, senior analyst for the Brussels-based peace monitor International Crisis Group, told AFP last month.

“The extension is not the most perfect solution but nonetheless it's a start,” he said.

Smoke billows from burning houses in Marawi during fighting between the Philippine military and ISIS-linked militants who seized the city on Mindanao island for several months in 2017. AFP

A report by the monitor warned in April that the process of decommissioning MILF's 40,000 fighters was “sputtering”, with fewer than a third having laid down their weapons.

And the Duterte government “has been slow to distribute to them the economic packages meant to entice them to co-operate”, it said.

Violence has also persisted despite the peace deal, with radical Islamist groups setting up shop in what remains the poorest part of the country.

In May 2017, hundreds of foreign and local pro-ISIS militants seized Marawi, the country's largest Muslim city.

The Philippine military wrested back the ruined city after a five-month battle that claimed more than 1,000 lives.

An insurgency first emerged in the mainly Catholic country nation in the early 1970s as a bid to set up a separate Muslim state in the Mindanao region, although the rebels later scaled down their goal to autonomy.

An earlier peace treaty between Manila and a rival Muslim rebel faction had created a self-ruled area in 1996, but it was hampered by a lack of funding and corruption while MILF rebels fought on.

The new entity is better-funded and slightly larger. The national government retains police powers.

Updated: October 29, 2021, 8:44 AM