Crowds gather for a speech by Indian prime minister Narendra Modi in Dubai earlier this year. Victor Besa / The National
Crowds gather for a speech by Indian prime minister Narendra Modi in Dubai earlier this year. Victor Besa / The National

Population shift from India to UAE second-largest in the world, says UN report



The large scale of the movement of foreign citizens to the UAE has been revealed in a United Nations report, which shows the population shift from India to the Emirates is the second largest globally between any two countries.

The United Nations' 2017 International Migration Report said there are now 3.3 million Indian-born people in the UAE, which is almost four times the figure of 2000, when the Emirates had 0.9 million Indian-born residents.

Only the number of Mexican-born individuals living in the United States – at 12.7 million – is greater when it comes to people born in one nation, but living in another.

The UAE also has the second largest number worldwide of migrants as a proportion of the total population. UN figures indicate that 88.4 per cent of UAE residents in 2017 were born outside the country, up from 77.6 per cent in 2000.

Only the 100 per cent figure of the Vatican, where births do not take place, is higher than the UAE’s.

The UAE has long been near the top of the tables for international migrant populations, with more than nine in 10 private-sector workers born outside the Emirates.

Other Gulf countries also stand out for their large proportion of foreign-born residents, with the figure in Kuwait being 75.5 per cent, Qatar 65.2 per cent, Bahrain 48.4 per cent, Oman 44.7 per cent and Saudi Arabia 37.0 per cent.

The UAE’s foreign-born population now stands at 8.313 million, up from 2.447 million in 2000. Of these people, 25.3 per cent are female, while their median (middle) age is 33.8 years.

The UAE introduced a formal programme for guest workers in 1971 and analysts have said that, since then, the country’s political stability, rapid economic growth with consequent opportunities, modern facilities and geographical location have fuelled movement to the country.

This has brought with it the need to ensure UAE nationals are not excluded from the private sector, with multiple Emiritisation initiatives having been introduced.

Dr David Roberts, a Gulf region political analyst at King’s College London, said he thought the flow of population from the Indian subcontinent into GCC countries would continue.

“I don’t see why it will slow down. There’s been a cycle going on for decades and decades. The populations of the smaller Gulf states are growing, but they [still] have small populations and large economies. They’re always going to need large numbers of foreigners,” he said.

The Indian subcontinent, he said, offered a wide range of labour of the kind in demand in Gulf states, ranging from blue-collar to white-collar workers. Friendly political ties are also a factor.

“With India you don’t have any obvious geopolitical issue. You have history going back a long time, an amicable history,” he added.

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There are several other migration flows on a similar scale to that between India and the UAE.

As a result of the ongoing turmoil in Syria, there are now 3.3 million Syrian-born residents in Turkey, while there are 3.3 million Russian-born people in Ukraine, the same as the number of Ukrainian-born individuals in Russia.

Published by the UN’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the new report reveals that globally there are 258 million people living outside their country of birth, up nearly half since 2000, and they make up 3.4 per cent of the world’s population.

A key trend since 2000 has been the growth in the movement of people to high-income nations. Migrants now constitute 14 per cent of the population of wealthy countries, compared to 9.6 per cent in 2000.

The UN has highlighted the potential benefits that migration can bring, including a decrease in the dependency ratio, which is the proportion of the population that is too young or too elderly to work. Globally, 74 per cent of migrants are of working age (defined as aged 20 to 64), while only 57 per cent of the world’s total population is of working age.

Of the world’s international migrants, 26 million, or about one in ten, is a refugee.

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Director: Elie El Samaan

Starring: Nour Al Ghandour, Mahmoud Boushahri

Rating: 3/5

Company Profile

Company name: Namara
Started: June 2022
Founder: Mohammed Alnamara
Based: Dubai
Sector: Microfinance
Current number of staff: 16
Investment stage: Series A
Investors: Family offices

Scores

Bournemouth 0-4 Liverpool
Arsenal 1-0 Huddersfield Town
Burnley 1-0 Brighton
Manchester United 4-1 Fulham
West Ham 3-2 Crystal Palace

Saturday fixtures:
Chelsea v Manchester City, 9.30pm (UAE)
Leicester City v Tottenham Hotspur, 11.45pm (UAE)

57 Seconds

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Stars: Josh Hutcherson, Morgan Freeman, Greg Germann, Lovie Simone
Rating: 2/5

COMPANY PROFILE

Name: Elmawkaa
Based: Hub71, Abu Dhabi
Founders: Ebrahem Anwar, Mahmoud Habib and Mohamed Thabet
Sector: PropTech
Total funding: $400,000
Investors: 500 Startups, Flat6Labs and angel investors
Number of employees: 12

The Specs

Engine: 1.6-litre 4-cylinder petrol
Power: 118hp
Torque: 149Nm
Transmission: Six-speed automatic
Price: From Dh61,500
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FROM THE ASHES

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Starring: Shaima Al Tayeb, Wafa Muhamad, Hamss Bandar

Rating: 3/5

Company Profile

Name: Direct Debit System
Started: Sept 2017
Based: UAE with a subsidiary in the UK
Industry: FinTech
Funding: Undisclosed
Investors: Elaine Jones
Number of employees: 8

MEDIEVIL (1998)

Developer: SCE Studio Cambridge
Publisher: Sony Computer Entertainment
Console: PlayStation, PlayStation 4 and 5
Rating: 3.5/5

SPECS

Engine: Two-litre four-cylinder turbo
Power: 235hp
Torque: 350Nm
Transmission: Nine-speed automatic
Price: From Dh167,500 ($45,000)
On sale: Now

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Name: Maitha Qambar

Age: 24

Emirate: Abu Dhabi

Education: Master’s Degree

Favourite hobby: Reading

She says: “Everyone has a purpose in life and everyone learns from their experiences”

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The specs: McLaren 600LT

Price, base: Dh914,000

Engine: 3.8-litre twin-turbo V8

Transmission: Seven-speed automatic

Power: 600hp @ 7,500rpm

Torque: 620Nm @ 5,500rpm

Fuel economy 12.2.L / 100km

ASSASSIN'S CREED MIRAGE

Developer: Ubisoft Bordeaux
Publisher: Ubisoft
Consoles: PlayStation 4&5, PC and Xbox Series S&X
Rating: 3.5/5

Company Profile

Name: HyveGeo
Started: 2023
Founders: Abdulaziz bin Redha, Dr Samsurin Welch, Eva Morales and Dr Harjit Singh
Based: Cambridge and Dubai
Number of employees: 8
Industry: Sustainability & Environment
Funding: $200,000 plus undisclosed grant
Investors: Venture capital and government

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Starring: Chris Evans, Chris Pratt, Tom Holland, Robert Downey Junior, Scarlett Johansson, Elizabeth Olsen
Four stars

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Director: Sudha Kongara Prasad

Starring: Akshay Kumar, Radhika Madan, Paresh Rawal

Rating: 2/5

UAE athletes heading to Paris 2024

Equestrian

Abdullah Humaid Al Muhairi, Abdullah Al Marri, Omar Al Marzooqi, Salem Al Suwaidi, and Ali Al Karbi (four to be selected).

Judo
Men: Narmandakh Bayanmunkh (66kg), Nugzari Tatalashvili (81kg), Aram Grigorian (90kg), Dzhafar Kostoev (100kg), Magomedomar Magomedomarov (+100kg); women's Khorloodoi Bishrelt (52kg).

Cycling
Safia Al Sayegh (women's road race).

Swimming

Men: Yousef Rashid Al Matroushi (100m freestyle); women: Maha Abdullah Al Shehi (200m freestyle).

Athletics

Maryam Mohammed Al Farsi (women's 100 metres).

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Stars: Adam Driver, Ariana Greenblatt, Chloe Coleman

Rating: 2/5

MATCH INFO

Tottenham Hotspur 3 (Son 1', Kane 8' & 16') West Ham United 3 (Balbuena 82', Sanchez og 85', Lanzini 90'+4)

Man of the match Harry Kane

EXPATS

Director: Lulu Wang

Stars: Nicole Kidman, Sarayu Blue, Ji-young Yoo, Brian Tee, Jack Huston

Rating: 4/5

MATCH INFO

Uefa Champions League last-16, second leg:

Real Madrid 1 (Asensio 70'), Ajax 4 (Ziyech 7', Neres 18', Tadic 62', Schone 72')

Ajax win 5-3 on aggregate

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Engine: 4-litre V8 twin-turbo
Power: 630hp
Torque: 850Nm
Transmission: 8-speed Tiptronic automatic
Price: From Dh599,000
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Veil (Object Lessons)
Rafia Zakaria
​​​​​​​Bloomsbury Academic

UAE currency: the story behind the money in your pockets
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The line up

Friday: Giggs, Sho Madjozi and Masego  

Saturday: Nas, Lion Bbae, Roxanne Shante and DaniLeigh  

Sole DXB runs from December 6 to 8 at Dubai Design District. Weekend pass is Dh295 while a one day pass is Dh195. Tickets are available from www.soledxb.com

KEY DATES IN AMAZON'S HISTORY

July 5, 1994: Jeff Bezos founds Cadabra Inc, which would later be renamed to Amazon.com, because his lawyer misheard the name as 'cadaver'. In its earliest days, the bookstore operated out of a rented garage in Bellevue, Washington

July 16, 1995: Amazon formally opens as an online bookseller. Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought becomes the first item sold on Amazon

1997: Amazon goes public at $18 a share, which has grown about 1,000 per cent at present. Its highest closing price was $197.85 on June 27, 2024

1998: Amazon acquires IMDb, its first major acquisition. It also starts selling CDs and DVDs

2000: Amazon Marketplace opens, allowing people to sell items on the website

2002: Amazon forms what would become Amazon Web Services, opening the Amazon.com platform to all developers. The cloud unit would follow in 2006

2003: Amazon turns in an annual profit of $75 million, the first time it ended a year in the black

2005: Amazon Prime is introduced, its first-ever subscription service that offered US customers free two-day shipping for $79 a year

2006: Amazon Unbox is unveiled, the company's video service that would later morph into Amazon Instant Video and, ultimately, Amazon Video

2007: Amazon's first hardware product, the Kindle e-reader, is introduced; the Fire TV and Fire Phone would come in 2014. Grocery service Amazon Fresh is also started

2009: Amazon introduces Amazon Basics, its in-house label for a variety of products

2010: The foundations for Amazon Studios were laid. Its first original streaming content debuted in 2013

2011: The Amazon Appstore for Google's Android is launched. It is still unavailable on Apple's iOS

2014: The Amazon Echo is launched, a speaker that acts as a personal digital assistant powered by Alexa

2017: Amazon acquires Whole Foods for $13.7 billion, its biggest acquisition

2018: Amazon's market cap briefly crosses the $1 trillion mark, making it, at the time, only the third company to achieve that milestone


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