Asian shares hit a record high on Wednesday as investors bet on a strong economic recovery next year, as there is little sign policymakers wind back massive stimulus efforts aimed at staving off coronavirus-fuelled downturns.
MSCI's gauge of Asia-Pacific shares excluding Japan rose 0.6 per cent to hit a record high, led by gains in Chinese shares, bringing its gains so far this year to 18.2 per cent.
Japan's Nikkei share average lost 0.58 per cent on its last trading day of 2020 after jumping to a 30-year high on Tuesday. For the year, it was up 15.8 per cent.
"Investors stick to a bullish view overall and some are starting to bet further on rise in equity prices," said Masanari Takada, cross-asset strategist at Nomura Securities.
Convictions that global monetary authorities will continue to pump liquidity into the banking system to support the pandemic-stricken economy underpin risk assets.
"We think continued monetary and fiscal policy support means investors should take risk. Stocks will do better than bonds. Within bonds, corporate bonds should beat government bonds," said Hiroshi Yokotani, head of Asia-Pacific fixed-income business at State Street Global Advisors.
E-Mini futures for the S&P 500 edged up 0.13 per cent, paring much of the losses made in the previous day after US Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell put off a vote on President Donald Trump's call to boost Covid-19 relief cheques.
At least five Republicans have so far voiced support for the higher payments, which would require 60 votes, including the backing of a dozen Republicans.
In the currency market, the dollar dropped on the first day of trading for settlement in 2021 as traders started to dump the safe-haven US currency.
The euro rose 0.3 per cent to $1.2295, after climbing overnight to a high of $1.2275, a level last seen in April 2018.
"The start of Covid-19 immunisation campaigns in several countries as well as additional US fiscal support reduce downside risk to the global economy and bode well for general financial market sentiment," analysts at Commonwealth Bank of Australia said in a note.
The Australian dollar rose 0.4 per cent to $0.7637, just shy of a two and-a-half-year high of $0.7639, while sterling traded up 0.25 per cent at $1.3500.
The Japanese yen also gained 0.15 per cent to 103.36 per dollar.
The US dollar was listless against a basket of major currencies, losing 0.26 per cent to stand at 89.769, close to a two and-a-half-year low of 89.723.
A sluggish dollar supported gold, with bullion prices up 0.26 per cent at $1,882.80 an ounce.
Treasuries were little changed after trading sideways overnight in thin trade amid the year-end holidays. U.S. two-year yields were steady at 0.127 per cent and benchmark 10-year yields stood at 0.9364 per cent.