Business activity in the non-oil private sectors of the Arab world’s two biggest economies continued to improve in October, boosted by the easing of Covid-19 restrictions, a rise in tourism and increased spending amid the economic recovery.
Saudi Arabia’s IHS Markit Purchasing Managers’ Index was 57.7 in October, the second-highest reading recorded since the start of the pandemic.
Despite slipping from 58.6 in September, it underlined a sharp improvement in the kingdom's business conditions.
A reading above 50 indicates economic expansion, while anything below points to a contraction.
The drop in the headline PMI reading was largely driven by a slide in the new orders sub-index from its seven-year high in September. However, it is still indicative of a substantial rise in sales.
The upturn in demand was driven by a boost in spending in the domestic economy as the kingdom further eased pandemic-related restrictions, including those on travel.
New export work hit its highest level since May on improving global trade flows, according to the businesses surveyed.
“October PMI data showed the non-oil sector recovering at a rapid pace,” said IHS Markit economist David Owen.
“Growth in output was the strongest seen for nearly four years, driven by a marked rise in client demand as the lifting of Covid-19 restrictions continued to boost economic activity.”
The sharp rise in output in October also helped businesses to reduce their work backlogs.
Employment numbers also rose, continuing the growth sequence reported in each month since April. However, the rate of job creation was only marginal.
Purchasing activity also grew at its quickest pace in three months as companies looked to support stock levels, with both input buying and inventories expanding sharply in October, according to the survey.
“The rate of purchase cost inflation sharpened during October, giving further signs that rising commodity prices are feeding through to firms' balance sheets,” Mr Owen said.
“With confidence towards sales prospects running strong, businesses were able to pass on costs to customers, with the quickest rise in output prices since August 2020.”
In the UAE, the headline PMI reading climbed to 55.7 in October, from 53.3 in September, underpinning a marked increase in new business during the month, driven by rising spending amid the opening of Expo 2020 Dubai.
Output levels in the Emirates also rose at the strongest pace in more than two years while business confidence also improved.
The sub-indexes of both new business and output hit their highest levels in more than two years, according to the latest data.
Businesses surveyed attributed the sharp improvement in business activity to the Expo, which helped to boost sales in a number of sectors as tourism strengthened and investment spending grew.
“The Expo 2020 finally began in the UAE … and brought a highly welcome surge in growth across the non-oil private sector,” Mr Owen said.
Forecasts for future output also improved considerably in October, amid hopes that the positive impact from Expo 2020 can be sustained. The overall degree of business optimism in the Emirates was at its strongest since March 2020.
“The boost to sales led more companies to predict a rise in activity over the next 12 months as optimism jumped,” Mr Owen said.
Both the UAE and Saudi Arabia have made strong recoveries from the pandemic-induced slowdown that tipped the global economy last year into its worst recession since the 1930s.
Mass inoculation campaigns and the government fiscal's support has helped businesses to recover.
The UAE has further eased pandemic-related restrictions on businesses and travel after the number of daily Covid-19 infections fell to below 100, from a peak of about 4,000 earlier in the year.
The UAE has administered more than 21.2 million doses of vaccines, enough to vaccinate more than 98 per cent of the country's population.
So far, 46.1 million shots have been administered in Saudi Arabia, enough for about 68 per cent of the kingdom's population, according to Bloomberg's vaccine tracker.
Emirates NBD, Dubai's largest lender, expects "to see improved growth momentum in the fourth quarter, as travel restrictions continue to be relaxed and Expo 2020 should boost domestic spending. Overall we expect the UAE non-oil sectors to grow 3.5 per cent this year, accelerating to 4.0 per cent in 2020," it said in a research note on Wednesday.
Meanwhile, business conditions in Egypt's non-oil private sector economy deteriorated slightly in October. The headline PMI reading declined to 48.7 in October, from 48.9 in September, to hit the lowest level since May.
A widening of the supply chain crisis in October and a lack of inputs led to a contraction in output and the sharpest increases in both costs and charges.
Export sales fell at their fastest pace in 17 months, although an ongoing recovery in local sales meant that demand conditions remained relatively buoyant.
“The Egyptian non-oil sector's recovery was stemmed in October as supply chain problems worsened around the globe. Having previously been less [affected] than Europe and other regions, Egyptian firms started to feel the burden of material shortages on both output and inventories,” Mr Owen said.
“This will likely spill over into further reductions in output by the end of the year.”