Saudi cleric says abaya no longer necessary for women

Sheikh Abdullah Al Mutlaq, a member of the country's top clerical body, said women should not be forced to wear the garment

A picture taken on January 19, 2018 shows Saudi women walking during the King Abdulaziz Camel Festival in Rumah, some 160 kilometres east of Riyadh.
For decades the religious police, "mutawa" as they are known, wielded unbridled powers as arbiters of morality, patrolling streets and malls to snare women wearing bright nail polish and chastise men seeking contact with the opposite sex. In recent years, Saudi Arabia launched a series of reforms, including gradually diminishing the mutawa's powers to arrest. Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has further cut back the political role of hardline clerics in a historic reordering of the Saudi state.
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Saudi women need not wear the abaya, a senior member of the country's top clerical body has said.

The move comes amid reform attempts — including greater freedoms for women — being led by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

Sheikh Abdullah Al Mutlaq, a member of the Council of Senior Scholars, said Muslim women should dress modestly, but that this did not necessitate wearing the abaya.

"More than 90 per cent of pious Muslim women in the Muslim world do not wear abayas," Sheikh Mutlaq said during his television programme on Friday. "So we should not force people to wear abayas."

While not necessarily signalling a change in the law, the statement is the first of its kind from a senior religious figure. Only the government-appointed clerics associated with the Council of Senior Scholars are allowed to issue fatwas, or Islamic legal opinions. Their interpretations of Islamic law form the basis of Saudi Arabia’s legal system.


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Saudi women have started wearing more colourful abayas in recent years, the light blues and pinks in stark contrast with the traditional black. Open abayas over long skirts or jeans are also becoming more common in some parts of the country.

The trend marks a major change in the last couple of years. In 2016, a Saudi woman was detained for removing her abaya on a main street in the capital of Riyadh. Local media reported that she was detained after a complaint was filed with the religious police.

The kingdom has seen an expansion in women's rights recently, including a lifting of the ban on women driving. Women are now also allowed to attend mixed public sporting events.