Coronavirus: Yemen facing humanitarian crisis as rebels reportedly hide scale of outbreak

Doctors in northern Yemen have received threats about disclosing the true number of deaths

epa08495606 Yemeni displaced Fathia, 32, (L) washes cloths as her children sit outside a one-room rental house in Sanaa, Yemen, 18 June 2020 (issued on 19 June 2020). Fathia said 'I, my husband and our five children, were displaced to Sanaa after the sources of living in our village in western Yemen were lost due to the war. We were working in agriculture, but the bad economic situation forced us to flee to Sanaa. My husband collects daily used plastic items to earn an income so that we can live. We live in one room, rent 10,000 Yemeni rial per month (nearly 16 US dollar)'. World Refugee Day is marked annually on 20 June. According to the UNHCR, more and more refugees today live in urban settings outside refugee camps. Some crises have lasted so long that the tent camps became built-up urban areas. While some refugees depend on international help through NGOs, others start a new life, changing everything from occupation, to social status, to adapt to their new realities.  EPA/YAHYA ARHAB  ATTENTION: This Image is part of a PHOTO SET
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Thousands of people in the Houthi-controlled area of Yemen are dying from the coronavirus in an epidemic that the rebels are trying to hide, it has been reported.

Doctors contacted in northern Yemen have said that they had received threats against disclosing the scale of deaths, according to a newspaper report.

The Times said the Houthis had 'reacted with paranoia to the virus, denying its spread and jailing doctors and journalists who draw attention to it'.

The growing disaster in Yemen was confirmed by Britain’s senior military officer in the Middle East who warned with the cholera outbreak, locust invasion and Covid-19, the country faced a growing human toll.

"We are really concerned about the ongoing conflict and humanitarian crisis in Yemen," Lt Gen John Lorimer told The National. "Yemenis have suffered hugely. If the fighting stops it will allow the world to engage in this humanitarian issue."

His words come as The Times reported that the capital, Sanaa, was experiencing scores of Covid-19 deaths daily in a country shattered by five years of fighting.

Speaking from Aden, Caroline Seguin, of Médecins Sans Frontières, told the paper that the true extent of death was unknown because of the lack of testing facilities. “We are totally blind,” she said. “The population is very scared. They are coming very late and so we have a high mortality.”

The National reported in April that intelligence sources were warning that the coronavirus would be "catastrophic" to Yemen if it took hold, after the first cases were recorded in government-held territory. The country has a threadbare healthcare system and 18 per cent of district authorities have no doctors. "Covid is going to be an absolute disaster. Yemen has absolutely no adequate health care in place to deal with it," the source said.

While 909 infections and 248 deaths have been officially reported, the true number is understood to be vastly higher and is growing in rural areas.

The situation has further deteriorated with UN funding stretched amid a drop in international charitable donations. In addition, the April ceasefire has been consistently ignored with fighting intensifying in the past week.

The rebels are now refusing to release the number of people who have been infected or died with the virus as it “created a state of fear and anxiety”.

In this Wednesday, June 17, 2020, workers unload boxes of medical supplies on arrival at Sanaa International Airport in Sanaa, Yemen. The shipment includes ventilators, coronavirus test kits, PCR machines and personal protective equipment. Organized by the United Nations and private companies, it comes as the UN is facing a funding shortage for its operations in the war-torn country, where officials and medical experts fear the coronavirus could be spreading unchecked due to limited medical facilities. (World Health Organization via AP)

The World Health Organisation has reported that half of Yemen’s health facilities are no longer open.

Doctors in the north estimated that almost 600 people had died from Covid-19 in Sanaa by the end of May. Some families are reported to be buying oxygen tanks to try to save sick relatives at home.

Britain has donated nearly £900 million (Dh4.1 billion) in aid to Yemen since the conflict began in 2015 including £160m announced at a UN virtual donor conference last week.

But without an end to the fighting the country will sink further into disaster, warned Lt Gen Lorimer. “We would urge all the parties to support the peace process and engage constructively in it. A political settlement is the only way we can bring long-term stability to the region and address the human crisis. There’s no military solution to it.”

It is estimated that 100,000 people have died in the conflict between the Iranian-backed Houthis in the north and the government in the south, backed by Saudi Arabia and the UAE. A similar number have died from preventable diseases such as cholera and diphtheria but Covid-19 could significantly add to the toll.