People gather around the smoldering remains of an aircraft after it crashed north of Benghazi, Libya, Thursday, March 17, 2011. Witnesses said the aircraft was piloted by anti-Gadhafi rebels and crashed for mechanical reasons. Libyan rebels used three of their own seized planes and some helicopters to attack government troops fighting to advance on the city of Benghazi, said Mustafa Gheriani, a spokesman in the rebel base. Gadhafi's forces encircled a key eastern city and his warplanes went deeper into rebel-held territory to bombard Benghazi's airport Thursday, threatening an all-out offensive to bring down the rebellion. (AP Photo/Alaguri) *** Local Caption ***  CAI108_Libya.jpg
People gather around the smouldering remains of an aircraft after it crashed north of Benghazi yesterday. Witnesses said the aircraft was piloted by anti-Qaddafi rebels and crashed for mechanical reas

UN votes for no-fly zone over Libya



NEW YORK // The United Nations Security Council last night authorised "all necessary measures" to protect Libyan civilians from harm at the hands of forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Qaddafi.

The measure allows not only a no-flight zone but effectively any measures short of a ground invasion to halt attacks that might result in civilian fatalities. It came as Colonel Qaddafi warned residents of Benghazi, the rebel capital, that an attack was imminent and promised lenient treatment for those who offered no resistance.

Ten of the council's 15 member states voted in favour of the resolution, with Russia, China and Germany among the five that abstained. There were no votes against the resolution, which was co-sponsored by France, Britain, Lebanon and the United States.

Gulf states and Jordan were "100 per cent" likely to participate in enforcing the no-fly zone but were not due to announce it formally until after the Security Council resolution had been adopted, an Arab diplomat said before the vote.

The UAE ambassador to the UN, Ahmed al Jarman, warned ahead of the vote, tof a "rapid deterioration of the security situation and humanitarian conditions" in Libya and urged council members to support the draft resolution.

In a statement, he urged the UN body to "impose a no-fly zone on Libya" and take "all the necessary measures capable of providing full protection to the Libyan people as well as the residents of all nationalities".

Before the UN Security Council votee, Libya warned it would target air and sea traffic in the Mediterranean in case of foreign military intervention, the official Jana news agency reported.

Libya's military said earlier it would halt operations from Sunday to allow rebels to lay down their arms, an apparent retreat from repeated threats by Col Qaddafi to crush them.

France, Britain and Arab League members had been pushing for a no-fly zone in Libyan airspace that would enable foreign fighters to shoot down Col Qaddafi's aircraft, one of many military advantages the Libyan leader has over the rebels.

"We have asked Qaddafi so many times to stop the violence against the civilian population" that only "coercive measures" would stop the self-styled African revolutionary from a reprisal onslaught, said France's UN ambassador, Gérard Araud.

France, Britain and the Arab League were joined on Wednesday by the United States, previously reluctant to become embroiled in another Muslim-majority country. The US ambassador to the UN, Susan Rice, called on the council to authorise steps that "go beyond a no-fly zone".

Council members were debating whether the UN resolution should allow foreign jets to attack Col Qaddafi's tanks, artillery and other ground installations that have been deployed to quash the rebel uprising against his 41-year rule.

The resolution authorises the use of "all necessary measures" to prevent civilian bloodshed in Libya, a phrase understood to permit the use of air strikes against Col Qaddafi's forces, but not a ground invasion.

Opponents to the plan had included Russia and China, both of which have veto power, and non-permanent members such as Germany and India, who voiced concern about foreign powers being sucked into an escalating civil war in a North African oil-producer.

But diplomats agreed correctly that Russia and China would be reluctant to use their veto to block a resolution that has backing from the Arab League.

France's foreign minister, Alain Juppé, before heading to New York for the vote, said the plan was backed by the Arab League, which was essential for gaining global legitimacy, and that "several Arab countries have pledged to participate in interventions". Aside from the UAE and Qatar, which are both members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, diplomats say these will most likely include Saudi Arabia and Jordan.

The resolution is expected to ban commercial flights carrying in mercenaries and arms, establish a no-fly zone and add names of more members of Col Qaddafi's circle to a list of individuals subject to travel freezes and asset bans.

In a no-fly zone, US, Nato and Arab warplanes would potentially ground Col Qaddafi's air power to protect civilians and the opposition, but hundreds of planes would probably be needed to police the skies over Libya's vast territory.

Rebel leaders in Benghazi, the insurgency stronghold in eastern Libya, warned that international assistance was taking too long and that the anti-Qaddafi uprising was struggling to hold its ground a month after it started.

Libyan state television said gunfire and explosions could be heard at the airport near Benghazi. If confirmed, it would be the first fighting near the city where the revolution started since Col Qaddafi launched his counter-attack.

Clashes around Ajdabiyah, a strategic town on the coastal highway, slowed the government advance on Benghazi, but the army warned citizens that it had the city in its sights and told them to leave rebel-held locations. Al Arabiya television reported that about 30 people had been killed in the fighting for Ajdabiyah.

Burnt-out cars lay by the roadside outside the town while Libyan government forces showed the foreign media artillery, tanks and mobile rocket launchers, much heavier weapons than those used by the rebels. Libyan state television said government forces had taken Misrata, about 200km east of Tripoli, but rebels and residents there denied the claim.

Additional reporting by Reuters

Diriyah project at a glance

- Diriyah’s 1.9km King Salman Boulevard, a Parisian Champs-Elysees-inspired avenue, is scheduled for completion in 2028
- The Royal Diriyah Opera House is expected to be completed in four years
- Diriyah’s first of 42 hotels, the Bab Samhan hotel, will open in the first quarter of 2024
- On completion in 2030, the Diriyah project is forecast to accommodate more than 100,000 people
- The $63.2 billion Diriyah project will contribute $7.2 billion to the kingdom’s GDP
- It will create more than 178,000 jobs and aims to attract more than 50 million visits a year
- About 2,000 people work for the Diriyah Company, with more than 86 per cent being Saudi citizens

If you go

Flights

Emirates flies from Dubai to Phnom Penh with a stop in Yangon from Dh3,075, and Etihad flies from Abu Dhabi to Phnom Penh with its partner Bangkok Airlines from Dh2,763. These trips take about nine hours each and both include taxes. From there, a road transfer takes at least four hours; airlines including KC Airlines (www.kcairlines.com) offer quick connecting flights from Phnom Penh to Sihanoukville from about $100 (Dh367) return including taxes. Air Asia, Malindo Air and Malaysian Airlines fly direct from Kuala Lumpur to Sihanoukville from $54 each way. Next year, direct flights are due to launch between Bangkok and Sihanoukville, which will cut the journey time by a third.

The stay

Rooms at Alila Villas Koh Russey (www.alilahotels.com/ kohrussey) cost from $385 per night including taxes.

Company Profile

Company name: Namara
Started: June 2022
Founder: Mohammed Alnamara
Based: Dubai
Sector: Microfinance
Current number of staff: 16
Investment stage: Series A
Investors: Family offices

BLACKBERRY

Director: Matt Johnson

Stars: Jay Baruchel, Glenn Howerton, Matt Johnson

Rating: 4/5

Fire and Fury
By Michael Wolff,
Henry Holt

Sarfira

Director: Sudha Kongara Prasad

Starring: Akshay Kumar, Radhika Madan, Paresh Rawal

Rating: 2/5

Company profile

Company name: Fasset
Started: 2019
Founders: Mohammad Raafi Hossain, Daniel Ahmed
Based: Dubai
Sector: FinTech
Initial investment: $2.45 million
Current number of staff: 86
Investment stage: Pre-series B
Investors: Investcorp, Liberty City Ventures, Fatima Gobi Ventures, Primal Capital, Wealthwell Ventures, FHS Capital, VN2 Capital, local family offices

Terminator: Dark Fate

Director: Tim Miller

Starring: Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, Mackenzie Davis 

Rating: 3/5

When Umm Kulthum performed in Abu Dhabi

Known as The Lady of Arabic Song, Umm Kulthum performed in Abu Dhabi on November 28, 1971, as part of celebrations for the fifth anniversary of the accession of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan as Ruler of Abu Dhabi. A concert hall was constructed for the event on land that is now Al Nahyan Stadium, behind Al Wahda Mall. The audience were treated to many of Kulthum's most well-known songs as part of the sold-out show, including Aghadan Alqak and Enta Omri.

COMPANY PROFILE

Company name: Almouneer
Started: 2017
Founders: Dr Noha Khater and Rania Kadry
Based: Egypt
Number of staff: 120
Investment: Bootstrapped, with support from Insead and Egyptian government, seed round of
$3.6 million led by Global Ventures

The specs: 2018 Chevrolet Trailblazer

Price, base / as tested Dh99,000 / Dh132,000

Engine 3.6L V6

Transmission: Six-speed automatic

Power 275hp @ 6,000rpm

Torque 350Nm @ 3,700rpm

Fuel economy combined 12.2L / 100km

SPECS

Engine: 4-litre V8 twin-turbo
Power: 630hp
Torque: 850Nm
Transmission: 8-speed Tiptronic automatic
Price: From Dh599,000
On sale: Now

THE BIO

Ms Al Ameri likes the variety of her job, and the daily environmental challenges she is presented with.

Regular contact with wildlife is the most appealing part of her role at the Environment Agency Abu Dhabi.

She loves to explore new destinations and lives by her motto of being a voice in the world, and not an echo.

She is the youngest of three children, and has a brother and sister.

Her favourite book, Moby Dick by Herman Melville helped inspire her towards a career exploring  the natural world.

The language of diplomacy in 1853

Treaty of Peace in Perpetuity Agreed Upon by the Chiefs of the Arabian Coast on Behalf of Themselves, Their Heirs and Successors Under the Mediation of the Resident of the Persian Gulf, 1853
(This treaty gave the region the name “Trucial States”.)


We, whose seals are hereunto affixed, Sheikh Sultan bin Suggar, Chief of Rassool-Kheimah, Sheikh Saeed bin Tahnoon, Chief of Aboo Dhebbee, Sheikh Saeed bin Buyte, Chief of Debay, Sheikh Hamid bin Rashed, Chief of Ejman, Sheikh Abdoola bin Rashed, Chief of Umm-ool-Keiweyn, having experienced for a series of years the benefits and advantages resulting from a maritime truce contracted amongst ourselves under the mediation of the Resident in the Persian Gulf and renewed from time to time up to the present period, and being fully impressed, therefore, with a sense of evil consequence formerly arising, from the prosecution of our feuds at sea, whereby our subjects and dependants were prevented from carrying on the pearl fishery in security, and were exposed to interruption and molestation when passing on their lawful occasions, accordingly, we, as aforesaid have determined, for ourselves, our heirs and successors, to conclude together a lasting and inviolable peace from this time forth in perpetuity.

Taken from Britain and Saudi Arabia, 1925-1939: the Imperial Oasis, by Clive Leatherdale

EMIRATES'S REVISED A350 DEPLOYMENT SCHEDULE

Edinburgh: November 4 (unchanged)

Bahrain: November 15 (from September 15); second daily service from January 1

Kuwait: November 15 (from September 16)

Mumbai: January 1 (from October 27)

Ahmedabad: January 1 (from October 27)

Colombo: January 2 (from January 1)

Muscat: March 1 (from December 1)

Lyon: March 1 (from December 1)

Bologna: March 1 (from December 1)

Source: Emirates

ENGLAND SQUAD

Goalkeepers Pickford (Everton), Pope (Newcastle), Ramsdale (Arsenal)

Defenders Chilwell (Chelsea), Dier (Tottenham), Guehi (Crystal Palace), James (Chelsea), Maguire (Man United), Shaw (Man United), Stones (Man City), Trippier (Newcastle), Walker (Man City)

Midfielders Bellingham (Dortmund), Gallagher (Chelsea), Henderson (Liverpool), Maddison (Leicester), Mount (Chelsea), Phillips (Man City), Declan Rice (West Ham)

Forwards Foden (Man City), Grealish (Man City), Kane (Tottenham), Rashford (Man United), Saka (Arsenal), Toney (Brentford)

What is graphene?

Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms arranged like honeycomb.

It was discovered in 2004, when Russian-born Manchester scientists Andrei Geim and Kostya Novoselov were "playing about" with sticky tape and graphite - the material used as "lead" in pencils.

Placing the tape on the graphite and peeling it, they managed to rip off thin flakes of carbon. In the beginning they got flakes consisting of many layers of graphene. But as they repeated the process many times, the flakes got thinner.

By separating the graphite fragments repeatedly, they managed to create flakes that were just one atom thick. Their experiment had led to graphene being isolated for the very first time.

At the time, many believed it was impossible for such thin crystalline materials to be stable. But examined under a microscope, the material remained stable, and when tested was found to have incredible properties.

It is many times times stronger than steel, yet incredibly lightweight and flexible. It is electrically and thermally conductive but also transparent. The world's first 2D material, it is one million times thinner than the diameter of a single human hair.

But the 'sticky tape' method would not work on an industrial scale. Since then, scientists have been working on manufacturing graphene, to make use of its incredible properties.

In 2010, Geim and Novoselov were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics. Their discovery meant physicists could study a new class of two-dimensional materials with unique properties. 

 

RUGBY CHAMPIONSHIP FIXTURES

September 30
South Africa v Australia
Argentina v New Zealand

October 7
South Africa v New Zealand
Argentina v Australia

Story behind the UAE flag

The UAE flag was first unveiled on December 2, 1971, the day the UAE was formed. 

It was designed by Abdullah Mohammed Al Maainah, 19, an Emirati from Abu Dhabi. 

Mr Al Maainah said in an interview with The National in 2011 he chose the colours for local reasons. 

The black represents the oil riches that transformed the UAE, green stands for fertility and the red and white colours were drawn from those found in existing emirate flags.

Our legal consultants

Name: Hassan Mohsen Elhais

Position: legal consultant with Al Rowaad Advocates and Legal Consultants.

MOTHER OF STRANGERS

Author: Suad Amiry
Publisher: Pantheon

Pages: 304
Available: Now

Most polluted cities in the Middle East

1. Baghdad, Iraq
2. Manama, Bahrain
3. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
4. Kuwait City, Kuwait
5. Ras Al Khaimah, UAE
6. Ash Shihaniyah, Qatar
7. Abu Dhabi, UAE
8. Cairo, Egypt
9. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
10. Dubai, UAE

Source: 2022 World Air Quality Report

MOST POLLUTED COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD

1. Chad
2. Iraq
3. Pakistan
4. Bahrain
5. Bangladesh
6. Burkina Faso
7. Kuwait
8. India
9. Egypt
10. Tajikistan

Source: 2022 World Air Quality Report

Inside Out 2

Director: Kelsey Mann

Starring: Amy Poehler, Maya Hawke, Ayo Edebiri

Rating: 4.5/5

COMPANY PROFILE

Company: Eco Way
Started: December 2023
Founder: Ivan Kroshnyi
Based: Dubai, UAE
Industry: Electric vehicles
Investors: Bootstrapped with undisclosed funding. Looking to raise funds from outside

The Bio

Hometown: Bogota, Colombia
Favourite place to relax in UAE: the desert around Al Mleiha in Sharjah or the eastern mangroves in Abu Dhabi
The one book everyone should read: 100 Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. It will make your mind fly
Favourite documentary: Chasing Coral by Jeff Orlowski. It's a good reality check about one of the most valued ecosystems for humanity