Gender parity begins at school

The Covid-19 pandemic is deepening gender gaps and fixing that requires re-examining education, writes Masdar's Dr Lamya Nawaf Fawwaz
epa08619509 Afghan student girls attend the second day of their school after the educational institutes opened in Herat, Afghanistan, 23 August 2020. Schools reopen across Afghanistan, in a trial following months of closure due to the pandemic.  EPA/JALIL REZAYEE

As countries around the world begin to ease self-imposed restrictions to contain the spread of Covid-19, they face a new challenge: reviving their economies and societies to standards enjoyed before the pandemic.

Of course, in many parts of the world, girls and women were already fighting for equality and basic rights — a fight the pandemic has made even more difficult. Attaining gender parity is one of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, recognising that gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but essential for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world.

However, the Covid-19 pandemic has deepened pre-existing economic, social and health-related inequalities already faced by women around the world, according to a recent report from the UN.  Among other issues, women and girls tend to earn less (and consequently save less), hold less stable jobs and have to take on more unpaid care than men, the report warns.

Bella Achieng (R), works with her mother Lilian Adhiambo at her open-air groceries stand near their home in Kibera slum, in Nairobi, on August 7, 2020, as schools remain closed across the country following a government directive as a measure to stem the spread of the COVID-19 (novel coronavirus). Achieng is a student at Kibera School for Girls that is run by Kenya-based charity Shining Hope for Communities (SHOFCO) where needy students from the surrounding slum who are facing challenges at home with access to the internet for virtual learning are permitted to study at the premises in order to access the wi-fi. Many private primary and secondary schools continue offering virtual lessons to their students at home. This is however a challenge for others who cannot afford a smart phone or daily data costs. / AFP / TONY KARUMBA

This pandemic is also highlighting deeper issues. Greater action is needed to support the education, empowerment and engagement of young women. Equipped with the right skills and resources, young women can effectively lead the change to a more sustainable world – if they are given the opportunity.

Reassuringly, today more girls than ever before are going to school during their formative years. However, 62 million girls still have no access to education. In Central Africa alone, 28m young girls are unable to receive a basic education.

Girls growing up in impoverished societies face a number of unique challenges, all which impact their ability to enter and stay in school throughout their adolescent years. These challenges include poverty, housework or finding employment to support their families. In these cases, going to school becomes an additional responsibility that many of these girls cannot handle.

But what if education is the solution to many of these challenges?

Right To Education, a global human rights organisation, describes education as a “multiplier right”, or an enabler for women and girls to benefit and exercise their rights in key areas, including work, property, politics, justice and freedom from violence and health.

Consistent schooling also provides a way for girls to become self-sufficient.

The World Bank Group estimates that just one year of secondary education can translate to a 25 per cent increase in wages later in life.

Not only will girls’ education increase personal wealth, but it can also improve a country’s GDP.

In fact, the US Agency for International Development forecasts that by educating just 10 per cent more adolescent girls, a country’s GDP can increase by an average of three per cent.

By ensuring that girls have access to quality education in their formative years, we can improve rates of poverty, ensure greater economic opportunities as well as work to close the gender gap.

The Council on Foreign Relations estimates that the gender gap in education costs the world between USD$15 to USD$30 trillion in human capital.

Here in the UAE, we have seen the true economic, political and social impact of generations of educated and empowered girls and women.

DUBAI , UNITED ARAB EMIRATES – Aug 28 , 2016 : Students going for the assembly  on the first day of school after the summer vacation at the Bradenton Preparatory Academy in Dubai Sports City in Dubai. ( Pawan Singh / The National ) For News. Story by Nadeem Hanif. ID No - 77443 *** Local Caption ***  PS2808- NEW SCHOOL YEAR01.jpg
Not only will girls' education increase personal wealth, but it can also improve a country's GDP

Over half of students studying in science, technology, engineering and mathematics – the STEM subjects – are female. This is reflected in the number of women that go on to work in related industries, which is well over 60 per cent. With these promising statistics, there is no question about the power of education, as well as the importance of representation in these industries.

In our rapidly changing world, we now face two challenges: ensuring that millions of girls have access to basic education, as well as closing the gender gap in STEM education.

Future jobs will require a new set of skills including digital literacy, entrepreneurship, innovation and artificial intelligence. By ensuring that girls have equal opportunities to learn and excel in these skills, we can create skilled workers that can participate and contribute to the new digital economy.

Back in January, the Women in Sustainability, Environment and Renewable Energy platform hosted its annual forum during Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week. The forum explored the role that digitalisation and AI can play in female empowerment.

Based on the findings of the Forum, a white paper titled "Artificial Intelligence + Gender Parity, A WiSER Perspective", was published, outlining key discussions, insights from influential attendees, country perspectives on the topic, as well as the 10 key findings necessary to achieve gender equality.

Some of these findings include better support in education, familial influence, mentoring, training and networking opportunities in support of a level playing field.

Education is both the foundation and solution for many of these findings. As Sheikh Zayed, the founding father, said, “The woman is half of the society; any country which pursues development should not leave her in poverty or illiteracy.”

We all have a role to play in ensuring that girls receive the education they need to succeed. They must be empowered to become informed, self-sufficient and realise their role as an integral part of society.

Right now, societies around the world are looking at how they can recover from the unprecedented challenge of Covid-19. If they are going to succeed, they can’t leave half their population behind.

Dr Lamya Nawaf Fawwaz is executive director for brand and strategic initiatives at Masdar