How invisible government services can help improve competitiveness
Smarter systems that cut out duplication will repay investment through productivity gains
Individual and business customers are increasingly demanding highly personalised and hassle-free service. Many international businesses can be deterred from establishing operations in the Middle East region if the interactions with government bodies become time-consuming.
To attract such investors, governments need to devote resources to the ambitious goal of invisible government, which limits duplication of application processes for individuals and businesses. The necessary investment in interoperable digital platforms and technological capabilities for invisible government will be repaid, most notably by boosting the region’s economic competitiveness.
Government entities in the region have managed to modernise and digitise their services in recent years. For example, the Abu Dhabi government has established TAMM, a one-stop shop for all services. TAMM is built on an entire system of digital capabilities and provides over 500 digital services. Approximately 98 per cent of services provided to citizens by the Abu Dhabi government are digital and 90 per cent of total government transactions in the emirate are now conducted through digital channels.
However, customers still desire more personalisation and for governments to be more proactive. A recent survey in one GCC country revealed that around 30 per cent of customers are “dissatisfied” with the complexity of official websites and the amount of information they have to provide.
Governments, therefore, need to move further than the one-stop shop, and realise a vision of invisible government. With this system, customers benefit automatically from the services for which they are eligible, without any further interaction with the government. Governments thus become an invisible enabler.
The invisible government system relies on an open digital platform that gauges eligibility and improves integration with private sector companies. Predictive analytics, based on efficient monitoring and sharing of data within a unified government platform, examine the services the customer has previously used to offer further potential services.
Expanding collaboration with the private sector through a government-to-business-to consumer/business model can allow customers to complete business transactions effectively without the need to initiate related applications to government entities.
Along with the advantages like providing greater convenience and personalisation, governments would gain by making the business environment more attractive to foreign investors. They would also achieve technology synergies through the consolidation of digital channels and platforms. It is estimated that Abu Dhabi has already managed to produce government savings of around Dh750 million ($204m) by taking some steps towards an invisible government system.
There are many areas in which authorities can offer a service without an individual or business having to provide additional information.
Estonia has been a pioneer in this regard. For instance, banks automatically transfer information on companies’ income and expenses to the tax authorities. This allows managers to focus their energies on building their business rather than worrying about time-consuming financial statements, monthly tax declarations and tax payments. Another example is when a birth is registered with the relevant government entity, the social security authorities are automatically informed and any applicable child or maternity benefits are dispensed without any further form-filling.
In the Middle East, there have been steps taken to set up such invisible government services. In Abu Dhabi, automatic exemptions and actions are becoming more common when customers change status or request certain services.
For example, a person diagnosed with a certain disability at a medical facility is proactively registered to benefit from a range of government services and privileges. This allows the government to better reach people of determination and reduce the application burden and waiting times for services.
Some public-private initiatives have also been established to offer seamless services to customers. One government’s partnership with a private sector company planned to remove an employee’s obligation to submit a doctor’s note in order to justify an absence due to ill health. Through integration with government infrastructure, the company would be able to find the medical report electronically, eliminating the need for manually checking thousands of sickness leave notifications every year.
Governments will need to build the necessary foundations to enable non-sensitive public data to be exchanged and reused. They should develop interoperable digital platforms and a broad range of technological capabilities. For example, machine learning algorithms and performance visualisation will be necessary for providing advanced customer analytics. The TAMM platform has already captured a considerable amount of customer data, enabling the analytics unit to derive meaningful insights.
To complete a successful transition towards invisible government, the right organisational structure and culture must be in place. The sponsorship of the top-level leadership team, such as through a digital board, and the support of other key stakeholders will be essential.
By taking such steps in this direction, governments can provide proactive and quality services that are appreciated by their customers, while also attracting invaluable international investment to their country.
Aisha Al Marzooqi is Executive Director at Abu Dhabi Digital Authority and Hani Zein is partner at Strategy& Middle East, part of the PwC network.
Published: June 10, 2021 07:30 AM