Donald Trump unblocks Twitter users after US court ruling

Blocked users include a film producer, screenwriter, photographer and author

(FILES) In this file photo taken on August 23, 2018 US President Donald Trump speaks during a roundtable discussion on the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act in the Roosevelt Room of the White House. - President Donald Trump said August 27, 2018 a "big deal" with Mexico was close, an apparent reference to ongoing talks to revamp the North American Free Trade Agreement."A big deal looking good with Mexico!" Trump said on Twitter.Shortly before, Mexico's Economy Minister Ildefonso Guajardo told reporters there was one key issue remaining in the NAFTA talks but that a final deal could not be reached until Canada rejoined the now year-long talks. (Photo by MANDEL NGAN / AFP)
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US President Donald Trump on Tuesday unblocked some additional Twitter users after a federal judge in May said preventing people from following him violated their constitutional rights.

US District Judge Naomi Reice Buchwald in Manhattan ruled on May 23 that comments on the president's account, and those of other government officials, were public forums and that blocking Twitter users for their views violated their right to free speech under the First Amendment of the US Constitution.

The Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University on August 10 sent the Justice Department a list of 41 accounts that had remained blocked from Trump's @RealDonaldTrump account. The seven users who filed suit had their accounts unblocked in June.

The 41 blocked users include a film producer, screenwriter, photographer and author who had criticised Mr Trump or his policies. At least 20 of those individuals said on Twitter that Mr Trump had unblocked them.

The 41 users were not a comprehensive list of those blocked by the president. Rosie O'Donnell, a comedian, said on Twitter late on Tuesday that she remained blocked.


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The White House did not immediately comment.

The ruling has raised novel legal issues. The Internet Association, a trade group that represents Twitter, Facebook, Amazon and Alphabet, filed a brief in the case this month that did not back Mr Trump or the blocked users but urged the court to "limit its decision to the unique facts of this case so that its decision does not reach further than necessary or unintentionally disrupt the modern, innovative internet".

Mr Trump has made his Twitter account, with 54.1 million followers, an integral and controversial part of his presidency, using it to promote his agenda, announce policy and attack critics.

He has also blocked many critics, preventing them from directly responding to his tweets.

The US Justice Department said the ruling was "fundamentally misconceived", arguing that Mr Trump's account "belongs to Donald Trump in his personal capacity and is subject to his personal control, not the control of the government".

Ms Buchwald rejected the argument that Mr Trump's First Amendment rights allowed him to block people with whom he did not wish to interact.

Mr Trump could "mute" users, meaning he would not see their tweets while they could still respond to his, she said, without violating their free speech rights.

The Internet Association said the court "should make clear that this case does not implicate the overwhelming majority of social media accounts throughout the internet.

"Despite any First Amendment status that this court might find in the 'interactive spaces' associated with President Trump’s account, Twitter retains authority to revoke access to both his account and the account of any user seeking to comment on President Trump’s account," the group said.

It also warned "there is a considerable risk that any decision that may recognise isolated public forums on Twitter will be misunderstood to hold that Twitter, too, can be subject to First Amendment scrutiny ... Twitter itself is not a state actor when it blocks or withdraws access to its account holders or users, and it is therefore not subject to the First Amendment’s restraints."

Twitter did not immediately respond to a request for comment.