New Zealand election: Jacinda Ardern wins landslide

The prime minister has captured the hallowed centre-ground in New Zealand with a blend of empathetic leadership and skilled crisis management that has propelled her to a second term

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Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern delivered a landslide win and a second term in office on Saturday in New Zealand’s general election.

The mandate means Ms Ardern, 40, could form the first single-party government in decades, and face the challenge of delivering on the progressive transformation she promised but failed to deliver in her first term, where Labour shared power with a nationalist party.

On the news, Ms Ardern said it delivered a mandate to accelerate her government's response and recovery plans for Covid-19.

“We will build back better from the Covid crisis. Better, stronger, with an answer to the many challenges New Zealand already faced," she said.

Ms Ardern has built an image as a compassionate leader – likened by some as almost the antithesis of US President Donald Trump.

“We are living in an increasingly polarised world, a place where more and more people have lost the ability to see one another’s point of view. I hope that this election, New Zealand has shown that this is not who we are ... Elections aren’t always great at bringing people together, but they also don’t need to tear one another apart,” she said.

The result, the best for Labour in decades, represented "a historic shift," said political commentator Bryce Edwards of Victoria University in Wellington. He described the vote as one of the biggest swings in New Zealand's electoral history in 80 years.

Labour was on track to win 64 of the 120 seats in the country's unicameral parliament, the highest by any party since New Zealand adopted a proportional voting system in 1996.

If Labour wins more than half the seats, Ms Ardern could form the first single-party government under the current system.

Ms Ardern came out of her home in Auckland, waved and hugged gathered supporters. Opposition National Party leader Judith Collins said she had called the prime minister to congratulate her for an "outstanding result", and added that it was always "going to be tough".

But, she said, three years will be over "in a blink of an eye" and vowed the party would be back.

Labour had 49.0 per cent of the votes, far before National at 27 per cent, the Electoral Commission said, with 77 per cent of ballots counted in an election that was largely a referendum on Ms Ardern's aggressive handling of Covid-19.

AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND - OCTOBER 17: New Zealand Labour Party leader Jacinda Ardern's partner Clarke Gayford delivers home cooked food to the media waiting outside their house on October 17, 2020 in Auckland, New Zealand. The 2020 New Zealand General Election was originally due to be held on Saturday 19 September but was delayed due to the re-emergence of COVID-19 in the community. (Photo by Hannah Peters/Getty Images)
New Zealand Labour Party leader Jacinda Ardern's partner Clarke Gayford delivers home-cooked food to the media waiting outside their house. Getty Images

"People were very grateful and very happy with how we’ve handled Covid, they like the shape of the plan that we’ve got going forward from here for the economy," said Finance Minister Grant Robertson, a top Labour MP.

Geoffrey Miller, an analyst at political website Democracy Project, said the victory was "very much a personal triumph for Jacinda Ardern's 'superstar' popularity and brand."

Of Ardern's current coalition partners, the nationalist New Zealand First Party had 2.6 per cent and the Green Party 7.6 per cent.

If she is unable to form a Labour-only government, she is expected to continue to rely on the minor Greens while jettisoning New Zealand First.

A Labour-Green coalition would be the first fully left-leaning government since the 1970s, a scenario that National's Ms Collins warned would mean more taxes and an environment hostile to business.

Ms Ardern has pledged to raise taxes on top earners, while Ms Collins promised short-term tax cuts, but they have otherwise shown few major differences on policy.

The prime minister won global acclaim for her handling of a mass shooting last year by a white supremacist in Christchurch, with her inclusive "be strong, be kind" mantra and swift action to ban guns.

She burnished that reputation this year with a "go hard, go early" approach to the new coronavirus, which has eliminated locally spread Covid-19 in the nation.

The election was delayed by a month after new Covid-19 infections in Auckland, that led to a second lockdown in the country's largest city.

While known internationally for promoting progressive causes such as women's rights and social justice, at home Ardern faced criticism that her government failed on a promise to be transformational.

Life is back to normal in New Zealand, but its borders are still shut, its tourism sector is bleeding and economists predict a lasting recession after the harsh lockdowns.

The economy shrank at a 12.2 per cent annual clip in the second quarter, its steepest drop since the Great Depression. Debt is forecast to rise to 56 per cent of gross domestic product from less than 20 per cent before the pandemic.

New Zealanders also voted on Saturday in referendums to legalise euthanasia and recreational marijuana, with results to be announced on October 30. The latter vote could make New Zealand only the third country in the world to allow the adult use and sale of cannabis nationwide, after Uruguay and Canada.