Tunisia's interior minister Hichem Mechichi promoted to prime minister-designate

He has a month to form a government against a background of political tensions among the major parties

(FILES) In this file photo taken on February 27, 2020 Tunisian Interior Minister Hichem Mechichi takes the oath of office during the country's new government swearing-in ceremony at the Carthage Palace outside the capital Tunis, on February 27, 2020, following a confidence vote by parliament.  Hichem Mechichi, who until now has served as Tunisia's interior minister, has been appointed to form the next government, the president's office said on July 25, 2020. The 46-year-old lawyer succeeds Elyes Fakhfakh, who resigned earlier this month -- but Mechichi was not one of the names proposed by the ruling political parties to President Kais Saied. / AFP / FETHI BELAID

Tunisia's President Kais Saied picked Hichem Mechichi to be the next prime minister and form a new government.
Mr Mechichi, who served as Tunisia's interior minister, succeeds Elyes Fakhfakh, who resigned this month. The president's office confirmed the appointment on Saturday.

Mr Mechichi, a 46-year-old lawyer, was not one of the names proposed by the ruling political parties.

As well as being the interior minister in the outgoing government, Mr Mechichi has been a counsellor to Mr Saied, handling legal matters.

He has previously been chief of staff at the transport ministry and also served in the social affairs ministry.

Mr Mechichi now has a month to form a government against a background of political tensions among the major parties.

At that point, his choice will be put to a parliamentary vote of confidence and will need an absolute majority to succeed. Failing that, parliament will be dissolved and new elections organised within three months.

In elections held in October, the Ennahda party came out on top but fell far short of a majority – holding 54 of 217 seats in parliament – and eventually agreed to join a coalition government.

Mr Fakhfakh, a former finance and tourism minister, and leader of the obscure Ettakatol party, was asked to lead the broad coalition in February.

After his appointment, he quickly formed a government of experts in an attempt to lead the nation out of an economic crisis.

Mr Fakhfakh resigned last week after almost half of parliament’s lawmakers filed a no-confidence motion in his rule amid a showdown with the biggest party in the assembly.

The motion was the result of allegations of conflicts of interest involving Mr Fakhfakh, linked to documents published by an independent MP last month that appeared to show Mr Fakhfakh owns shares in companies that won deals worth $15 million (Dh55.1m) from the state.

Mr Fakhfakh has denied he did anything improper and attempted to stave off his downfall by promising a Cabinet reshuffle.

His rivals are still not safe. Parliament speaker and Ennahda leader Rashed Ghannouchi is also facing a motion of censure, accused of "exceeding his prerogatives".

Mr Mechichi will face an uphill battle to bring Tunisia's warring parliament together to face the coronavirus crisis and the economic issues the outbreak exacerbated.

Nearly a decade after the uprising that deposed long-time dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, the country is still struggling to combat inequality in different regions.

Southern Tunisia is one of the country’s most marginalised regions, with above-average unemployment, failing infrastructure and a stunted private sector.

Protests have rocked the southern towns of Remada and Tataouine, with demonstrators demanding the government honour a 2017 pledge to invest millions of Tunisian dinars to develop the region and provide jobs to thousands.

Tunisia’s constitution splits power between the head of state and the government, leading to several periods of political struggles between them in recent years.

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