Adeeb Awad, pictured in his Tel Aviv house, has accused Israeli airport security of conducting a degrading security check.
Adeeb Awad, pictured in his Tel Aviv house, has accused Israeli airport security of conducting a degrading security check.

Arabs say they endure degrading airport security checks

TEL AVIV // Yara Mashour got her first bitter taste of Israel's airport screening for the country's Palestinian citizens three decades ago.

Twelve years old, at a New York airport ahead of her family's return flight to Israel, she said agents from the Israeli airline El Al searched through her hair and looked into her father's underwear. Suitcases were torn and several bags went missing following a security check. Finally, a security officer escorted the family to their plane seats and then to a closed room during the London stopover.

Ms Mashour vowed to avoid such treatment again. In February she was interrogated for almost two hours by El Al officers at an Italian airport and separated from her two travel companions. When she was ordered to undergo a full-body search, she refused. The editor of a women's magazine from the Israeli city of Nazareth instead paid €250 (Dh1,220) to return to Israel with Turkish Airways, publicised her ordeal in local media and is seeking to sue El Al.

"It was humiliating," she said during a recent interview at a Tel Aviv cafe ahead of a nearby photo shoot for her publication. "Arab citizens are immediately viewed as a security threat at airports. But we should go through the same procedures as Jewish citizens."

That airport discrimination is at the heart of a five-year-old petition to the Israeli Supreme Court that challenges the harsh security measures targeting Palestinian citizens at airports within Israel as well as by the flagship Israeli airline, El Al, abroad. The court is expected to make a decision on the issue in the next two months.

In legal documents and court hearings, Israel has indicated that it intensifies security checks for Arab citizens in a bid to prevent terror attacks, said Auni Banna, a lawyer for the Association for Civil Rights in Israel, which had filed the petition.

According to Mr Banna, other countries may also be implementing such harsh aviation security measures against certain citizens.

However, Israel is the only country in the world to officially guide its airport security personnel to treat one group of citizens - in this case, Arabs - more aggressively solely due to their nationality. Israeli Palestinians, accounting for a fifth of Israel's population, view their nationality as Arab or Palestinian and their citizenship as Israeli.

The court ruling is likely to be watched by authorities in other western countries mulling stricter aviation security methods against certain groups such as citizens of Arab origin, Mr Banna said.

Israel says in court documents that its only option for unifying security checks is to toughen them for all its citizens, but that would be too costly and spur long lines. Officials add that technological advances in the airport would minimise contact between passengers and agents and ease the checks for Arab citizens. The Israeli Airport Authority and El Al airline both told The National they "act according to Israeli security authorities' guidelines".

In the meantime, the measures are spurring further hostility among Israeli Palestinians towards the country's Jewish authorities. They are also driving many of them to forgo El Al or even skip flying altogether out of the main Ben-Gurion International airport. Instead, they are opting to reach neighbouring Jordan, a peace partner of Israel, through a land crossing and fly from there.

Some Palestinian citizens have successfully sued El Al. In mid-March, a small claims court in Haifa ruled that the airline pay 9,000 shekels (Dh8,890) to a woman who was ordered by a female security agent last year to stand only in her underwear for an hour and a half at the Israeli airport in the resort city of Eilat while her clothes were screened. The agent then ripped apart the woman's bra and cut off pieces from it.

Adeeb Awad, a 42-year-old marketing consultant from Tel Aviv who flies frequently for business, said he is "fed up" with the intensive checks that took place during each of the 10 times that he has travelled in the past year. Mr Awad, who refuses to fly with El Al, said he has already learnt that airport agents avoid publicly saying the word "Arab" when discovering his nationality and instead use the nickname "kilo" when speaking to each other about his security check. He said the targeting of Arabs at airports is a non-issue among most Israeli Jews.

"It's horrible how normal and legitimate it has become here to discriminate against Arabs in airports," he said. "Jewish people don't see it as a big deal."

Some Israeli Palestinian travellers say their screening verged on sexual harassment.

Mona Bawardi, a 35-year-old high-school teacher from Nazareth and a former Israeli national basketball player, flew with El Al for a two-week holiday in Thailand in December. On her return, female El Al agents in the Thai capital of Bangkok ordered her to strip - including removing her bra - and searched with a cloth-covered stick inside her pants.

Ms Bawardi, also a swimming teacher seeking to organise a Jewish-Arab swimming class for toddlers, said: "Every time I speak about that experience, my whole body shakes. I won't give up on peace between Jews and Arabs, but the coexistence efforts seem to end every time Arabs try to cross a border."

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Sector: FinTech
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Investment stage: Pre-series B
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Started: 2018
Founder: Siddiq Farid and Musfique Ahmed
Based: Dubai
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Investors: Various institutional investors and notable angel investors (500 MENA, Shurooq, Mada, Seedstar, Tricap)

How the UAE gratuity payment is calculated now

Employees leaving an organisation are entitled to an end-of-service gratuity after completing at least one year of service.

The tenure is calculated on the number of days worked and does not include lengthy leave periods, such as a sabbatical. If you have worked for a company between one and five years, you are paid 21 days of pay based on your final basic salary. After five years, however, you are entitled to 30 days of pay. The total lump sum you receive is based on the duration of your employment.

1. For those who have worked between one and five years, on a basic salary of Dh10,000 (calculation based on 30 days):

a. Dh10,000 ÷ 30 = Dh333.33. Your daily wage is Dh333.33

b. Dh333.33 x 21 = Dh7,000. So 21 days salary equates to Dh7,000 in gratuity entitlement for each year of service. Multiply this figure for every year of service up to five years.

2. For those who have worked more than five years

c. 333.33 x 30 = Dh10,000. So 30 days’ salary is Dh10,000 in gratuity entitlement for each year of service.

Note: The maximum figure cannot exceed two years total salary figure.


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Temple numbers

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Height: 24 meters

Ground floor banquet hall: 370 square metres to accommodate about 750 people

Ground floor multipurpose hall: 92 square metres for up to 200 people

First floor main Prayer Hall: 465 square metres to hold 1,500 people at a time

First floor terrace areas: 2,30 square metres  

Temple will be spread over 6,900 square metres

Structure includes two basements, ground and first floor 

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Publisher: Thames & Hudson
Pages: 336
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  • 1,024 individual pieces make up the exterior 
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The Sackler family is a transatlantic dynasty that owns Purdue Pharma, which manufactures and markets OxyContin, one of the drugs at the centre of America's opioids crisis. The family is well known for their generous philanthropy towards the world's top cultural institutions, including Guggenheim Museum, the National Portrait Gallery, Tate in Britain, Yale University and the Serpentine Gallery, to name a few. Two branches of the family control Purdue Pharma.

Isaac Sackler and Sophie Greenberg were Jewish immigrants who arrived in New York before the First World War. They had three sons. The first, Arthur, died before OxyContin was invented. The second, Mortimer, who died aged 93 in 2010, was a former chief executive of Purdue Pharma. The third, Raymond, died aged 97 in 2017 and was also a former chief executive of Purdue Pharma. 

It was Arthur, a psychiatrist and pharmaceutical marketeer, who started the family business dynasty. He and his brothers bought a small company called Purdue Frederick; among their first products were laxatives and prescription earwax remover.

Arthur's branch of the family has not been involved in Purdue for many years and his daughter, Elizabeth, has spoken out against it, saying the company's role in America's drugs crisis is "morally abhorrent".

The lawsuits that were brought by the attorneys general of New York and Massachussetts named eight Sacklers. This includes Kathe, Mortimer, Richard, Jonathan and Ilene Sackler Lefcourt, who are all the children of either Mortimer or Raymond. Then there's Theresa Sackler, who is Mortimer senior's widow; Beverly, Raymond's widow; and David Sackler, Raymond's grandson.

Members of the Sackler family are rarely seen in public.


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