Sinai's crisis is a development challenge first



Egypt's Sinai is at a crossroads. The peninsula, particularly its northern reaches, is showing the strains from decades of economic neglect by the former regime. With security worsening, there are now legitimate fears the Sinai is destined to become one of the region's most explosive flash points.

Incidents of hostage taking for ransom - including this week's capture (and swift release) of 25 Chinese workers - are increasingly common in the security vacuum left by the downfall of the previous regime. But the root cause of these challenges are decades of failed economic policies. Stability depends on ameliorating these grievances.

Rampant corruption during the former regime created bottlenecks that impeded investment in the north, unlike in southern Sinai. Projects that were underway, like the tiraa (irrigation canals), were suspended for years. They can and must be restarted.

So too must efforts be made to remove legal impediments so indigenous farmers can support themselves, something the Mubarak regime discouraged. Land ownership disputes, and imprisonment for illegal drilling of water wells, has put many farmers out of business - and forced others into drug trafficking and other illicit forms of making money. Attacks in the more prosperous area of southern Sinai can be attributed to a widespread sense of injustice on the part of northerners.

For decades the Bedouin have also been left out of the region's mineral and tourism industries. The newly-elected parliament, with a sense of urgency, must address these fundamental problems as a step towards restoring calm.

These are of course long-term solutions; there may be a need for more immediate fixes. While Egypt's 33-year-old peace treaty with Israel limits troops numbers in the region it does allow for exceptions. Egyptian police alone do not appear up to the task.

Ultimately, Sinai's problems require economic reforms that only politicians can deliver. In this, Cairo's track record is abysmal.

Former governments - from Sadat to Mubarak - talked about developing the peninsula, building rail and transportation systems and reforming land ownership rules. Rarely did they deliver.

Egypt's newest leaders can ill afford to follow in their footsteps.

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The fielding side shall be ready to start each over within 60 seconds of the previous over being completed.
An electronic clock will be displayed at the ground that counts down seconds from 60 to zero.
The clock is not required or, if already started, can be cancelled if:
• A new batter comes to the wicket between overs.
• An official drinks interval has been called.
• The umpires have approved the on field treatment of an injury to a batter or fielder.
• The time lost is for any circumstances beyond the control of the fielding side.
• The third umpire starts the clock either when the ball has become dead at the end of the previous over, or a review has been completed.
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Add:
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Sambar – vegetable-infused toor dal curry
Aviyal – mixed vegetables in thick coconut paste
Thoran – beans and other dry veggies with spiced coconut
Khichdi – lentil and rice porridge


Optional:
Kootukari – stew of black chickpeas, raw banana, yam and coconut paste
Olan – ash gourd curry with coconut milk
Pulissery – spiced buttermilk curry
Rasam – spice-infused soup with a tamarind base


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Living in...

This article is part of a guide on where to live in the UAE. Our reporters will profile some of the country’s most desirable districts, provide an estimate of rental prices and introduce you to some of the residents who call each area home. 

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Tiger:independent, successful, volatile
Rat:witty, creative, charming
Ox:diligent, perseverent, conservative
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Dragon:prosperous, brave, rash
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UAE currency: the story behind the money in your pockets
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The five pillars of Islam

1. Fasting

2. Prayer

3. Hajj

4. Shahada

5. Zakat

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Our Time Has Come
Alyssa Ayres, Oxford University Press


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