As pandemic rages on, let us remember refugees this Ramadan

The difficulties being faced during the holy month this year are especially exacerbated among migrants and refugees
epa08377835 Children living on the the UNRWA (the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East) run al-Wehdat Palestinian Refugee camp play look out form their home window at the camp, Southeast Amman, Jordan, 22 April 2020. Al-Wehdat also known as the Amman New Camp, is one of 10 camps set up by the UNRWA in Jordan to accommodate Palestinians fleeing the 1948 conflict with Israel. Some 57,000 registered refugees crowd its 0,48 KM Square. The arrival of the COVID-19 Coronavirus meant that UNRWA had to adapt its methods to cater to the refugees needs especially for education and health within the limitations of a semi-curfew regime. Most of the some 8,500 school children of al-Wehdat camp who attended one of the 13 UNRWA schools, continue their education via social media applications part of the e-learning program set by the UNRWA, some others follow the Jordanian government television learning program. According to UNRWA officials only forty to fifty per cent of them are able to study this way. Their access vary largely depending on their families ability to provide them with internet access, smart phones or televisions sometimes.  EPA/AMEL PAIN

Muslims around the world are embarking on the holy of month of Ramadan under unprecedented circumstances. Millions will be praying for better days and the end of the Covid-19 pandemic, some will be caring for loved ones who have fallen ill because of it while others will have to cope with the loss of their main source of income or survive on reduced salaries due the impact of the pandemic on the economy. As nations close off their borders, some lack resources to protect themselves from the virus at a time when they should be celebrating with their loved ones.

The difficulties being faced are especially exacerbated among migrants and refugees. On Wednesday, Lebanon announced its first coronavirus case among its refugee population – the highest per capita in the world – in a Palestinian camp.

While the patient has been transferred for treatment at a hospital in the capital and the camp put on lockdown, experts believe that containing outbreaks in refugee camps will be particularly challenging. From Lebanon and Iraq to Ethiopia and Bangladesh, there are more than 25 million refugees and 41 million internally displaced people in the world today. They are an especially vulnerable segment of society. Many of them have had to flee violence with nothing but the clothes on their backs. They often live in overcrowded facilities where physical distancing is impossible. In certain camps, they do not even have access to running water, making it difficult to keep viral infections at bay.

Many refugees and asylum seekers have been working hard to escape this cruel fate by applying for resettlement in a third country, or for family reunification. This is a lengthy and often complicated process that can take several years to complete. But with borders closed, flights cancelled, and courts working on a limited basis, hope for a better future has now been put on hold.

Instead of helping those in need, some world leaders have used the Covid-19 restrictions as a political tool to keep refugees and migrants out. Last month, The US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention issued an order encouraging non-citizens with no proper documentation to be deported immediately. Throughout February and March, Iran swiftly expelled tens of thousands of Afghan refugees, an event that officials in Afghanistan believe will hasten the spread of coronavirus in their country. And last week, Malaysia denied entry to Rohingyas seeking refuge in their country. The Rohingyas are a Muslim minority that has been persecuted for decades in their native Burma. Since 2016, they had to flee en masse as the army started an ethnic cleansing campaign described as genocide by the UN.

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The vulnerable should to be able to celebrate the holy month with dignity, too

Hundreds of Rohingyas, Afghans, Syrians and other refugees are now left to spend Ramadan in appalling conditions, with little access to aid as governments and international organisations divert funds to combat coronavirus.

Low-income migrant workers and refugees have suffered enough. Many have been torn from their families and lack the means to remain in touch with them over the phone or through internet applications. And now, both the coronavirus and the restrictions implemented to halt its spread have put additional strain on an already vulnerable population.

This Ramadan, the international community must bear in mind that the vulnerable should to be able to celebrate the holy month with dignity, too.