Zoom agrees to improve security to settle case brought by US government

The company's security practices 'didn't line up with its promises', according to the Federal Trade Commission

FILE - This April 18, 2019, file photo shows a sign for Zoom Video Communications ahead of the company's Nasdaq IPO in New York. Federal regulators are requiring Zoom to strengthen its security in a proposed settlement of allegations that the video conferencing service misled users about its level of security for meetings. The settlement was announced Monday, Nov. 9, 2020, by the Federal Trade Commission.  (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File)
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Zoom Video Communications agreed to boost its security to settle claims it misled users about access to online meetings and other issues, the US Federal Trade Commission said.

Since at least 2016, the videoconferencing platform, which skyrocketed in popularity this year because of coronavirus lockdowns, said it offered a higher level of encryption for its meetings than it actually did and also misled participants about the level of security for storing meeting recordings, the FTC alleged on Monday in a statement.

“During the pandemic, practically everyone – families, schools, social groups, businesses – is using videoconferencing to communicate, making the security of these platforms more critical than ever,” the director of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection, Andrew Smith, said in the statement.

“Zoom’s security practices didn’t line up with its promises, and this action will help to make sure that Zoom meetings and data about Zoom users are protected.”

As part of the settlement, Zoom will have to document and assess security risks every other year, develop ways to manage them, deploy more methods to protect against unauthorised access of the network and take other steps, including preventing “the use of known compromised user credentials,” the FTC said.

Zoom said it has already put in place the security improvements required by the settlement with the commission.

“We take seriously the trust our users place in us every day, particularly as they rely on us to keep them connected through this unprecedented global crisis, and we continuously improve our security and privacy programmes,” Zoom said in a statement. “We are proud of the advancements we have made to our platform, and we have already addressed the issues identified by the FTC.”

The company’s shares declined 13 per cent to $438.49 at 12.14pm in New York on Monday. The stock dropped earlier in the day on news that Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccine is more than 90 per cent effective in a trial. Other companies that have benefited during lockdowns spurred by pandemic, including Peloton Interactive, also fell on the news. Zoom had jumped more than six-fold this year through to last Friday’s close, while its tally of daily meeting participants had surged to 300 million from 10 million.

Zoom had hoped that scrutiny over its security lapses was behind it. The company instituted a 90-day security plan on April 1, during which it froze development of other features not related to user privacy and safety. Zoom held public weekly meetings to discuss the updates of its efforts, which focused principally on developing the end-to-end encryption it had long promised. It’s the highest level of data privacy available, in which no one – not even Zoom – can decipher communications. The FTC alleged that claiming to have this form of encryption was one of Zoom’s biggest deceptions. The company has also made it easier for hosts to assert control over meetings by screening, muting and kicking out uninvited guests or disruptors.

Since Zoom’s initial 90-day plan ended, the company has promised periodic updates on security. Zoom is currently on a quest to be an even bigger part of users’ lives, by debuting a service to provide philanthropic, free and paid events, such as yoga or language-learning classes, and has also developed Zapps, a way to better integrate Zoom with more business applications so that workers are more productive on the platform. Chief financial officer Kelly Steckelberg said as recently as last month that security is now built into every product the company is developing.