Banksy's new work in Bethlehem: a nativity under occupation

The new Christmas artwork was unveiled at Banksy's Walled-Off Hotel in Bethlehem

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A manger scene juxtaposed against concrete blocks seemingly pierced by a mortar shell: with Christmas looming, the latest Bethlehem offering by secretive artist Banksy appeared on Saturday in the Israeli-occupied West Bank.

Dubbed the "Scar of Bethlehem", the baby Jesus, Mary and Joseph are backlit through damaged concrete, chiselled pockmarks exploding out from a gaping hole in four directions to approximate the Christmas Star.

The work is installed at Banksy's Walled-Off Hotel, where all rooms overlook a concrete section of the barrier built by Israel to cut off the occupied West Bank from Israeli territory.

"Love" and "peace" are respectively graffiti-tagged in English and French on the art installation's concrete blocks, while three large wrapped presents are at the forefront of the scene.

"It is a nativity," the hotel's manager Wissam Salsaa said after the piece was installed. "Banksy has his own contribution to Christmas."

"It is a great way to bring up the story of Bethlehem, the Christmas story, in a different way – to make people think more" of how Palestinians live in Bethlehem.

Mr Salsaa calls the Israeli wall a "scar" that should induce "shame in anyone who supported" its construction.

In this Thursday, Dec. 5, 2019, photo, a Palestinian wearing a Santa Claus costumes welcomes Christian visitors outside the Church of the Nativity, traditionally believed by Christians to be the birthplace of Jesus Christ, in the West Bank city of Bethlehem. As visitors descend on Bethlehem this Christmas, they have the option of staying in restored centuries-old guesthouses, taking food tours of local markets, and perusing the dystopian art in and around a hotel designed by the British graffiti artist Banksy.(AP Photo/Majdi Mohammed)

Israel began building the separation barrier – in parts concrete, with other stretches consisting of fencing – in 2002 during the Palestinian intifada or uprising.

Built mostly inside the West Bank, Israel says it is necessary to prevent attacks, but Palestinians label it an apartheid wall, separating them from Jerusalem.

Banksy is trying to be a voice for those that cannot speak

Traditional Bethlehem Christmas festivities will take place next week at the church built on the spot where Christians believe Jesus was born.

The manger scene and hotel – an establishment opened two years ago – are far from Banksy's only West Bank imprint.

In 2007, he painted a number of artworks in Bethlehem, including a young girl frisking an Israeli soldier pinned up against a wall.

In 2005, he sprayed nine stencilled images at different locations along the eight-metre-high separation barrier.

They included a ladder on the wall, a little girl carried away by balloons and a window opening onto a peaceful mountain landscape.

Palestinian graffiti artists, too, have made the separation wall a place of political and artistic expression.

Like elsewhere in the world, Banksy's works in the occupied territory have become tourist attractions – in part due to him often ghosting in to create his works in the dead of night.

The identity of the world's best-known graffiti artist remains a mystery and he was not present during the revealing of his latest work.

"Banksy is trying to be a voice for those that cannot speak," Mr Salsaa said.

He "is creating a new model of resistance through art."

Banksy rose to prominence after his subversive artworks started to appear in public spaces in the United Kingdom in the early 2000s, and he has long worked on themes of violence and conflict.