In joint op-ed, China and Russia decry US democracy summit

Summit meant to fulfil campaign pledge by Biden to advance cause of global democracy

US President Joe Biden meets China's President Xi Jinping during a virtual summit this month. AFP
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A rare joint opinion article by the ambassadors of China and Russia has sharply assailed US President Joe Biden's plans for a virtual summit of democratic countries — from which they were pointedly excluded.

Calling the US plan “an evident product of its Cold War mentality”, ambassadors Anatoly Antonov of Russia and Qin Gang of China said the December 9-10 event would “stoke up ideological confrontation and a rift in the world, creating new 'dividing lines'".

The summit is meant to fulfil a campaign pledge by Mr Biden to advance the cause of global democracy at a time when autocratic governments have been on the rise.

But when the State Department last week published a list of about 110 invited countries and territories — without including Russia or China — reactions were furious.

China was especially angered by the inclusion of Taiwan, over which it claims sovereignty.

Writing on the website of conservative journal National Interest, the two ambassadors to the US said democracy “can be realised in multiple ways and no model can fit all countries".

“No country has the right to judge the world's vast and varied political landscape by a single yardstick,” the ambassadors added.

The article described communist China as having “an extensive, whole-process socialist democracy [which] reflects the people's will, suits the country's realities and enjoys strong support from the people".

“It has been proved that the whole-process democracy works in China and works very well.”

The article did not mention Taiwan.

It said that Russia — where long-serving President Vladimir Putin signed a law that could allow him to remain in power until 2036 — is a “democratic, federative, law-governed state with a republican form of government” with century-old parliamentary traditions.

Without naming the US, the envoys said that wars and conflicts launched in the name of spreading democracy “severely undermine regional and international peace, security and stability".

“Bombings of Yugoslavia, military intervention in Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya, and 'democratic transformation' do nothing but harm,” they wrote.

“Countries should focus on running their own affairs well, not condescendingly criticising others.”

They concluded by saying that countries should practice mutual respect and co-operation.

Such co-operation should rely heavily on the UN, they wrote, and added that: “There should be a more inclusive global governance, not something like 'might makes right.'"

Among countries invited to the virtual summit are some where democracy appears fragile, have suffered setbacks, or where autocratic trends have emerged.

Those invited include Brazil, India and Pakistan but not Hungary or Nato member Turkey.

Updated: November 29, 2021, 11:35 PM