The caretaker prime minister of the Netherlands said on Tuesday that the government was reinstituting an order to wear face masks in public places such as shops and libraries, and extending the use of Covid-19 passes.
Covid-19 cases have increased rapidly in the Netherlands for weeks.
The country’s public health institute reported on Tuesday that confirmed infections rose 39 per cent compared to the week before, and hospital admissions were up 31 per cent.
The upward trend began soon after the government ended most remaining lockdown restrictions in late September.
“It won’t surprise anybody that we again have a tough message this evening,” Mr Rutte said on national TV.
“Tough because we unfortunately have to ask more of people now that the infection numbers and hospital numbers are rising quickly.”
Mr Rutte urged people to keep social distance, work from home at least half of the time, and avoid travel to busy places and during the morning and evening rush hours.
As part of the new restrictions, pupils will have to wear face masks at school when they walk between classes.
The new mask rules and requirements for Covid passes to be shown at more public locations, including museums and theme parks, are set to come into force on Saturday.
Mr Rutte also appealed for calm in the debate between supporters and opponents of Covid-19 measures.
“Because we have to do this together,” he said.
He urged “a little understanding for one another’s opinion and for every situation, with mildness toward each other".
As Mr Rutte spoke, opponents of the measures demonstrated outside. Police said some threw fireworks at officers.
Earlier on Tuesday, the Dutch health council advised the government to begin giving Covid-19 vaccine booster shots to everyone aged 60 and older, and to nursing home residents.
The health council said it was seeing indications that Covid-19 protection was waning among older people.
“To get ahead of an increase in serious illness, the council advises the health minister to start offering boosters now,” the council said.
Health Minister Hugo de Jonge said the government would follow the advice and begin offering booster shots, first to people over 80 and to healthcare workers.
Other European countries have begun giving booster shots. France started giving them to people over 65 two months ago.
Just under 80 per cent of adults in the Netherlands are fully vaccinated. The government has already begun giving booster shots to people with severely compromised immune systems.
Infections among nursing home residents rose to the highest level since the start of February, the public health institute said.
The Covid-19 pandemic has killed almost 18,500 people in the Netherlands.
A week ago, neighboring Belgium also increased its Covid-19 restrictions amid a surge in infections.