Emirates executives rebuff US airlines’ claims of $40 billion in subsidies to Gulf carriers

Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed, the chairman of Emirates, tells US airlines, “offer the best to the passengers and people will fly with you”.

Tim Clark, president of Emirates Airline, the claim by the US carriers that Emirates has received $40 billion of government subsidies. Jason Alden / Bloomberg
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Emirates Airline’s top two executives have hit back at claims by US carriers that they receive state subsidies.

Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed, the chairman of Emirates, and Tim Clark, the airline's president, both described the US allegations as far off-base.

Their rebuttals came after the chief executives of America’s three biggest airlines – Delta, United and American Airlines – called on the US government to review the country’s air treaties with Gulf carriers. The three CEOs claimed that the foreign airlines have an “unfair advantage” of receiving government support.

Sheikh Ahmed, however, asserted that what the US carriers need to do is simply “improve their service” to compete with the Gulf airlines.

“Offer the best to the passengers and people will fly with you,” Sheikh Ahmed told Bloomberg News yesterday.

Also this week, Mr Clark questioned the claim by the US airlines that Arabian Gulf carriers, including Emirates, had received US$40 billion of government subsidies. “Let’s see how this figure is calculated,” he urged.

“We have never received financial subsidies or bailouts,” he said. “We did receive start-up capital of $10 million in 1985 and a one-time infrastructure investment of $88m for two Boeing 727 aircraft and a training building.”

Emirates currently flies directly to nine cities in the US. Last year alone, it added services to Boston and Chicago. Since 2004, it has carried 10.7 million passengers to the US.

The Gulf carriers’ intercontinental dispute with their American rivals is not the first of its kind. European airlines including Lufthansa and Air France-KLM have likewise criticised Gulf airlines by claiming they are unfairly backed by their governments.

An industry analyst supported Mr Clark’s view, saying that “better government policies” are what propels the success of the airline.

“A while back UBS looked at the books of Emirates and they came to the conclusion that they were straightforward,” said Peter Morris, the chief economist at UK-based Ascend. “There wasn’t any subsidy of any sort.”

Mr Morris noted: “There is a competitive advantage for Gulf carriers in not having an income tax. There is an advantage to running your economy without income tax.”

The stakes are high for Dubai. Aviation has played a significant role in the growth of its economy.

According to Oxford Economics, aviation contributed $26.7bn to the emirate’s economy in 2013, supporting 416,500 jobs. By 2030, aviation is expected to contribute $88.1bn and nearly 1.2 million jobs. This week Emirates Group said it would hire 11,000 new staff this year, spurring benefits to the city’s economy.

And Dubai International Airport, with its strategic location, has overtaken London Heathrow as the world’s leader in international passenger numbers.

Mr Clark highlighted the benefits of Emirates’ presence to the US economy.

“Our US operations generate more than $2.8bn of estimated economic value annually for the airports,” he said, adding that the airline creates jobs for American-based industry manufacturers such as Boeing and GE.

“It would be ironic, and a shame, if the US, who have been the forerunners of liberalisation and deregulation, would now contemplate a U-turn on its successful international aviation policies for the benefit of a narrow few, ” said Mr Clark.


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