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Watched by Prince William, Prince of Wales (centre right) and Prince George of Wales (R), Britain's Catherine, Princess of Wales, tries her hand at archery while taking part in the Big Help Out, during a visit to the 3rd Upton Scouts Hut in Slough. Getty

As it happened: How the coronation celebrations unfolded

Prince William and family take part in volunteering events to mark coronation

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Prince William and family volunteer as part of the Big Help Out

Prince Louis applies painted hand prints to the wall as he joins volunteers to help renovate and improve the 3rd Upton Scouts Hut in Slough, as part of the Big Help Out, to mark the crowning of King Charles III and Queen Camilla. Picture date: Monday May 8, 2023. PA Photo. See PA story ROYAL Coronation. Photo credit should read: Daniel Leal/PA Wire

Prince William tribute: Pa, we are all so proud of you

Prince William tribute: Pa, we are all so proud of you

UK's Prime Minister hosts coronation Big Lunch

Britain's Prime Minister Rishi Sunak (C), his wife Akshata Murty (R), their daughters Krishna Sunak and Anoushka Sunak, and US First Lady Jill Biden (rear L) attend a Coronation Big Lunch organised in Downing Street, in London, on May 7, 2023.  - Thousands of local street parties were planned on May 7, 2023 on the second day of events to mark the coronation of King Charles III, ending with a concert in front of 20,000 people at Windsor Castle.  (Photo by Frank Augstein  /  POOL  /  AFP)

Windsor gets ready for coronation concert inside the castle grounds

Windsor gets ready for coronation concert inside the castle grounds

Newly crowned King Charles III and Queen Camilla pass The National on Whitehall

Newly crowned King Charles III and Queen Camilla pass The National's reporter

Key moments from King Charles III's coronation

King Charles III wearing St Edward's Crown, and Queen Camilla wearing Queen Mary's Crown, with Lord President of the Council, Penny Mordaunt, holding the Sword of State, during their coronation at Westminster Abbey, London. Picture date: Saturday May 6, 2023. PA Photo. See PA story ROYAL Coronation. Photo credit should read: Gary Calton/The Observer/PA Wire

A look at Queen Elizabeth II and King Charles III's coronations - 1953 and 2023

A look at Queen Elizabeth II and King Charles III's coronations - 1953 and 2023

Key moments from King Charles III's coronation

King Charles III wearing St Edward's Crown, and Queen Camilla wearing Queen Mary's Crown, with Lord President of the Council, Penny Mordaunt, holding the Sword of State, during their coronation at Westminster Abbey, London. Picture date: Saturday May 6, 2023. PA Photo. See PA story ROYAL Coronation. Photo credit should read: Gary Calton/The Observer/PA Wire

Watch: King Charles III is crowned at Westminster Abbey

King Charles III receives a royal salute from members of the military in the gardens of Buckingham Place in London, on May 6, 2023, following his coronation.  - The set-piece coronation is the first in Britain in 70 years, and only the second in history to be televised.  Charles will be the 40th reigning monarch to be crowned at the central London church since King William I in 1066.  Outside the UK, he is also king of 14 other Commonwealth countries, including Australia, Canada and New Zealand.  Camilla, his second wife, will be crowned queen alongside him, and be known as Queen Camilla after the ceremony.  (Photo by Andrew Milligan  /  POOL  /  AFP)

Meet the royal fans gathering for King Charles's coronation

The Mall

Members of the royal family take part in the Big Help Out events on Monday

The Coronation Big Lunch - in pictures

King Charles III's coronation: Incredible images from a historic day - in pictures

Yawning Prince Louis steals the show alongside sister Princess Charlotte

King Charles III and Queen Camilla during their coronation ceremony

The Prince and Princess of Wales with Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis

King and Queen of Jordan arrive at Westminster Abbey

Royal fans gather to watch King Charles III's coronation - in pictures

Spectators line the streets on coronation day

Troops in full military uniform arrive from various military barracks

Guests arrive for the coronation reception - in pictures

The UK prepares for the coronation of King Charles III - in pictures

UAE schools celebrate King Charles III's coronation - in pictures

Coronation vestments - in pictures

The coronation coaches - in pictures

Who was alongside King Charles on the balcony after the coronation?

King Charles and Queen Camilla were joined by their close family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the coronation procession and royal salute.

Until the final moment, it was not known which family members had received the invite to join the newly crowned king and queen.

Still wearing their crowns, the king and queen were first accompanied by the pages of honour, who included Prince George. The king's other pages were Lord Oliver Cholmondeley, son of Lord-in-Waiting the Marquess of Cholmondeley, Ralph Tollemache, son of the King’s godson Edward Tollemache, and Nicholas Barclay, grandson of King Charles’s second cousin Sarah Troughton.

The queen's pages were her grandsons, twins Gus and Louis Lopes and Freddy Parker Bowles, plus her great-nephew Arthur Elliot.

What is the Gold State Coach?

Following the service, a grander coronation procession will take place, with the king and queen consort travelling in the Gold State Coach.

Pulled by eight Windsor Greys, the coach will make its way from Westminster Abbey back to Buckingham Palace, where a Royal Salute from the UK and Commonwealth Armed Forces will honour King Charles and the Queen Consort on their special day.

The Gold State Coach, a stunning eight-horse-drawn carriage steeped in history, will once again grace the streets of London for King Charles III's coronation.

Commissioned in 1760 by Francis Rawdon-Hastings for King George III and designed by Sir William Chambers, this 4.4-tonne wooden masterpiece is covered in gold leaf and adorned with intricate sculptures and ornamentation.

Measuring seven metres long and 2.1 metres wide, the Gold State Coach has been used for every coronation since William IV, as well as other significant royal occasions.

The carriage is now postilion-ridden in four pairs, as its weight allows it to move only at a walking pace.

The gilded brakes are operated by the grooms, ensuring safe and smooth travel.

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Which horses are pulling King Charles and Queen Camilla's gilded coronation carriage?

The royal carriage of King Charles III and Queen Camilla is being pulled by eight Windsor Grey horses as it makes the procession back to Buckingham Palace.

The horses for the coronation procession are called Icon, Shadow, Milford Haven, Newark, Echo, Knightsbridge, Meg and Tyrone.

Six of them pulled the Diamond Jubilee State Coach that earlier brought the king and queen to Westminster Abbey for the service.

However, eight are needed for the return trip to the palace in the heavier Gold State Coach, which travels at walking pace.

Windsor Greys are selected by palace staff to pull ceremonial carriages.

Dozens more horses are involved in the day’s proceedings as part of a Household Cavalry mounted band.

The drum horses Atlas and Apollo led the earlier procession from the palace to the coronation church.

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Who are the Sovereign's Escort guards in King Charles III's coronation procession?

The King’s Company Grenadier Guards have had a starring role at every coronation since 1661 in a history dating back to distinguished loyalty to Charles II.

Their new flag, with its personal link to Charles III, will be on show at his coronation on May 6. They make up part of the Sovereign's Escort alongside King Charles, who will be travelling to Westminster Abbey in the Diamond Jubilee State Coach.

The Grenadier Guards company was founded from the rubble of Charles II’s defeat at the Battle of Worcester and his time living in exile in Bruges.

Loyal compatriots who stayed by the king's side during those days would become his most trusted personal troops, and form the Life Guards and the Grenadier Guards.

Inkerman Company of 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards, on duty at the coronation, have recently returned from Iraq, where they have been providing force protection and training the Iraqi Army.

The Grenadier Guards is a company in the British Army with a routine role in British coronations, its members' historical loyalty having created a strong bond with the serving monarch.

It was founded in 1656 — four years before the restoration of the monarchy.

Serving soldiers must demonstrate the highest values and standards, aspire to excellence and are chosen from among the fittest and most able guardsmen.

Today’s company captain is Maj Johnny Hathaway-White who has completed three tours of duty in Afghanistan and Iraq, and worked extensively in Africa.

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What is Zadok the Priest? The music at King Charles's coronation

A choir at Westminster Abbey will continue a royal tradition on Saturday by singing the hymn Zadok the Priest at the most sacred moment of King Charles III's coronation.

The hymn by German composer Georg Frederick Handel has been played at every British coronation since 1727.

It was composed for the coronation of King George II, who was born in Germany and was a patron of Handel.

The name refers to the biblical story of King Solomon being anointed by the priest Zadok and the Prophet Nathan.

The Old Testament tale is also the origin of the procedure in which the king is anointed with holy oil by the Archbishop of Canterbury — the moment at which the hymn is sung.

Outside of royal events, an adapted version of Zadok the Priest was composed in 1992 as the anthem for football's Champions League.

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What does queen consort mean and how is it different to queen?

Following the death of Queen Elizabeth II in September, there were several changes to royal titles. Prince Charles's became King Charles III. And, as his wife, Camilla, the former Duchess of Cornwall, became officially known as Her Majesty the Queen Consort.

In Queen Elizabeth's platinum jubilee message last year, she said it was her “sincere wish” that Camilla be known as Queen Consort when her husband becomes king.

The title also means she sat at King Charles's side at his coronation on Saturday where she was also crowned. She is now officially Queen Camilla.

A queen consort is a royal by marriage, the king's wife. It is a symbolic role, meaning she is queen while the king is on the throne, but won't inherit the throne after he dies.

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Why is Rishi Sunak reading from the Bible in the coronation service?

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, a Hindu, will read from the Bible at King Charles's coronation ceremony, a decision that has sparked questions about the significance of his participation and the relationship between his personal faith and his role as prime minister.

Mr Sunak will read Colossians 1:9-17, which emphasises the love of Christ and the importance of service to others, aligns with the values of the British monarchy and the theme of the coronation liturgy, “Called to Serve”.

In doing so, he continues the tradition of British prime ministers participating in state occasions as representatives of the host nation's government.

As the first Hindu and person of Indian origin to hold the position, Mr Sunak's reading at the coronation demonstrates his commitment to representing the UK's diversity.

Lambeth Palace has clarified that Mr Sunak's personal faith is not an issue during the Anglican service since he is participating in his capacity as prime minister.

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What are the Swords of Offering and Temporal Justice? Coronation insignia explained

An array of ceremonial swords will be presented at King Charles's coronation, each symbolising aspects of the monarch's duties and responsibilities.

The symbolic weapons not only embody the history and traditions of the British monarchy but also serve as a reminder of the sovereign's commitment to the nation, the law, and the faith.

But what are the meanings and stories behind each of these unique and majestic swords, as they play a pivotal role in this momentous occasion?

Sword of Offering: Protecting the Church

The Sword of Offering will be presented by the Archbishop of Canterbury, signifying the monarch's commitment to defending the Church of England.

The steel sword features a gold hilt and an engraved blade, with the inscription “Ecclesiae Anglicanae Defensor”, a Latin phrase that translates to “Defender of the Church of England”.

This engraving on the Sword of Offering signifies the British monarch's responsibility to protect and support the Church of England, emphasising the close relationship between the monarchy and the established church.

The Lord Great Chamberlain will carry this sword during the procession.

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Interview: Bearer of Sword of Spiritual Justice at coronation tells of military and monarchy link

What does queen consort mean and how is it different to queen?

Why is Princess Anne called Gold Stick in Waiting at King Charles's coronation?

Britain’s Princess Anne will perform the memorably named role of Gold Stick in Waiting during the coronation of her brother King Charles III on Saturday.

The princess, 72, will ride on horseback behind the king’s state coach when it returns from Westminster Abbey to Buckingham Palace after the coronation.

Her title is that of a royal bodyguard who would once have wielded a golden-tipped staff to protect England’s kings and queens.

The role is now a symbolic one but it gives the king’s sister a prominent place in the procession.

Princess Anne is often considered one of the most popular royals after largely steering clear of family scandals.

A YouGov poll published this week showed she was viewed positively by 72 per cent of the British public, the joint-highest score in the family with Prince William.

Admirers credit her with an understated diligence and her role on Saturday has been seen as a reward for her loyalty.

The role of Gold Stick is invoked only on state occasions such as parades and the official opening of parliament.

It can be held by the colonel of one of two cavalry regiments, the Life Guards, and the Blues and Royals.

The princess, a former Olympic equestrian and BBC Sports Personality of the Year in 1971, is colonel of the Blues and Royals.

The only daughter of the late Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, she is also known as the Princess Royal.

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Who will be alongside King Charles on the balcony following the coronation?

King Charles and Queen Consort Camilla will be joined by their family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace in what is expected to be one of the iconic moments of the day.

But which family members will be invited to join the newly crowned king and queen will be kept secret until the final moment.

Certainties are the ever-popular Prince William and Catherine, Princess of Wales, along with their children, Prince George, Princess Charlotte, and Prince Louis.

Additionally, Princess Anne and Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence were likely to be present, as well as Prince Edward and Sophie, the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh.

Updated: May 09, 2023, 11:42 AM