Nobel laureate calls on EU and US to ban Iran from using satellites
NEW YORK // Nobel Peace laureate Shirin Ebadi called on the European Union and United States to ban Iran from using US and European satellites to broadcast what she described as the Islamic Republic’s propaganda.
Ms Ebadi, an Iranian lawyer and former judge who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2003 for her work promoting human rights in Iran, on Monday accused Western powers of focusing too little attention on rights abuses as they pursue a deal with Tehran aimed at curbing its nuclear ambitions.
She criticised the economic and financial sanctions regime against Iran, a web of US, EU and UN measures aimed at crippling Tehran’s nuclear and missile programmes and pressuring the government to abandon what western powers and their allies suspect is a quest to develop an atomic weapons capability.
“Economic sanctions have affected powerfully,” Ms Ebadi, 66, said. “People have become very poor. Some kinds of medications cannot be found in Iran. The price of food is higher in Iran than in the US or Europe.”
The sanctions that are harming ordinary Iranians should be replaced with ones that weaken the government but not the people, she said. One example she gave involved barring Iran from using US and European satellites to broadcast programs in more than a dozen non-Farsi languages outside the country.
“We have to stop the government of Iran from being able to use the satellites,” Ms Ebadi said through an interpreter. “This way we can close down the propaganda microphones of the government.”
She also said that senior government officials, from deputy minister up, should face travel bans and asset confiscations when they have funds deposited with European and American banks.
In a response to Ms Ebadi’s remarks, Alireza Miryousefi, spokesman for Iran’s UN mission, said that after Iran’s recent presidential election “held in an open, free, fair, transparent and democratic way, the Islamic Republic of Iran has entered into a new stage of democracy and the rule of law”.
MS Ebadi, who has been living in exile in Britain since 2009, expressed disappointment with Iran’s new president, Hassan Rouhani, widely seen as more moderate than his stridently anti-Western predecessor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
“The motto of Mr Rouhani was that he was going to change the conditions and this is why people voted for him,” she said. “Unfortunately that’s not what happened.”
Mr Miryousefi said that “Iran, especially after the election of President Rouhani, has put a new emphasis on its unwavering dedication towards the promotion and protection of all human rights inside and outside the country.”
“Iran has taken a long-term approach and genuine measures to safeguard all human rights of its people including through ensuring their compliance with all its relevant commitments under international law, taking into account principles enshrined in the constitution,” he said.
One example of Iran’s new approach, Mr Miryousefi said, is that Mr Rouhani has instructed his government to draft a “Charter of Citizenship Rights” and ordered that all government complaints against journalists be withdrawn, leading to the release and pardon of 86 inmates.
He added that Mr Rouhani has appointed a special assistant on minority affairs to ensure that ethnic and religious minorities’ rights are safeguarded.
Ms Ebadi said the number of executions in Iran since RMr ouhani’s June election was twice what it was a year ago, when Mr Ahmadinejad was still in power. Nearly all of the opposition activists in prison before he was elected are still in prison and religious and ethnic minorities continue to be persecuted, she added.
Ms Ebadi cited figures from the International Federation for Human Rights, which reported that over 200 people, including as many as four minors, were executed between June 14 and October 1. She said it was double the number of executions that took place in the same period in 2012.
“Unfortunately the world focuses on nuclear energy more than human rights and does not pay attention to the situation of violations of human rights in Iran,” she said. “And this is why the human rights conditions are worsening in Iran.”
Published: November 5, 2013 04:00 AM